Mineralogy Database

B Listing of Minerals

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B Mineral Index (389 Count)

This alphabetical listing of B minerals include synonyms of accepted mineral names, pronunciation of that name, name origins, and locality information.

LEGEND: Valid Species (Bold);  Pronunciation;  Mineral Image;  Mineral Image Gallery;  jCrystal Form;  jPOWD Form;          Calculated Radioactive Intensity

B Mineral Pages:[1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

Biotite Say Biotite  View Biotite Images Gallery View Biotite Form   K(Mg,Fe++)3[AlSi3O10(OH,F)2 Not Approved IMA 1998 - Bitote is now the group name
NAME ORIGIN: Named in 1847 after the French physicist, Jean Baptiste Biot (1774 - 1862), who studied the optical properties of the micas.
Biotitic vermiculite - See Hydrobiotite
Biphosphammite Say Biphosphammite  View Biphosphammite Image   (NH4,K)H2PO4 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1870
NAME ORIGIN: As a BIPHOSPHate of AMMonium.
Biraite-(Ce) View Biraite-(Ce) Image   Ce2Fe++(CO3)(Si2O7) Approved IMA 2003 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: Named after the locality. LOCALITY: Biraia, Vitim, Irkutsk Oblast, Zabaikalye, (Siberia), Russia.
Birchite View Birchite Image  Cd2Cu2(PO4)2(SO4)·5H2O Approved IMA 2006 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: Named for William D. Birch, Senior Curator of Geosciences at Museum Victoria, Australia, in recognition of his contribution to Australian geological sciences.
Biringuccite Say Biringuccite   Na2B5O8(OH)·(H2O) Approved IMA 1961
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Vannoccio Biringuccio (1480-1538/9), alchemist and metallurgist, author of the Pirotechnia.
Birnessite Say Birnessite  View Birnessite Images Gallery   (Na,Ca,K)x(Mn++++,Mn+++)2O4·1.5(H2O) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1956
NAME ORIGIN: Named after the locality. LOCALITY: Birness, Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
Bisbeeite - See Plancheite
Bisbeeite - See Chrysocolla
Bischofite Say Bischofite  View Bischofite Image View Bischofite Form  MgCl2·6(H2O) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1877
NAME ORIGIN: For Karl Gustav Bischo (1792-1870), German geologist and mineral chemist, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.
Bismite Say Bismite  View Bismite Image  Bi2O3 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1868
NAME ORIGIN: Named after its composition of Bi.
Bismoclite Say Bismoclite  View Bismoclite Image  BiOCl Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1935
NAME ORIGIN: In allusion to its composition, a "bismuth oxychloride."
Bismuth Say Bismuth  View Bismuth Image  Bi Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1500
NAME ORIGIN: Probably from the Arabic bi ismid, meaning having the properties of antimony.
Bismuth Glance - See Bismuthinite
Bismuthian Arsenopyrite - See Arsenopyrite
Bismuthinite Say Bismuthinite  View Bismuthinite Image View Bismuthinite Form  Bi2S3 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1832
NAME ORIGIN: From the composition.
Bismutite Say Bismutite  View Bismutite Image  Bi2(CO3)O2 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1841
NAME ORIGIN: Named for the bismuth in the composition.
Bismutocolumbite Say Bismutocolumbite  View Bismutocolumbite Image  Bi(Nb,Ta)O4 Approved IMA 1992
NAME ORIGIN: For BISMuth in its composition and relation to minerals of the "columbite-tantalite" series.
Bismutoferrite Say Bismutoferrite  View Bismutoferrite Image  BiFe+++2(SiO4)2(OH) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1871
NAME ORIGIN: Named in allusion to the composition.
Bismutohauchecornite Say Bismutohauchecornite Ni9Bi2S8 Approved IMA 1980
NAME ORIGIN: Named as the Bi analog of hauchecornite.
Bismutomicrolite Say Bismutomicrolite  View Bismutomicrolite Image (Bi,Ca)(Ta,Nb)2O6(OH) Approved IMA 1977
NAME ORIGIN: Assigned by the IMA pyrochlore nomenclature group for the predominant bismuth content and to microlite.
Bismutoplagionite 5PbS.4Bi2S3 Not Approved IMA
NAME ORIGIN: Named after bismuth replacing arsenic in the mineral plagionite.
Bismutopyrochlore View Bismutopyrochlore Form  (Bi,U,Ca,Pb)1+x(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH)·n(H2O) Approved IMA 1998 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: Named for its composition and relationship to pyrochlore.
Bismutosparite - See Bismutite
Bismutostibiconite Say Bismutostibiconite Bi(Sb+++++,Fe+++)2O7 Approved IMA 1983
NAME ORIGIN: Named for its bismuth content and relationship to stibiconite.
Bismutotantalite Say Bismutotantalite  View Bismutotantalite Image View Bismutotantalite Form  Bi(Ta,Nb)O4 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1929
NAME ORIGIN: Named for its composition (Bi, Ta).
Bitter Salt - See Hexahydrite
Bitter Salt - See Epsomite
Bitter spar - See Magnesite
Bityite Say Bityite  View Bityite Image CaLiAl2(AlBeSi2)O10(OH)2 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1908
NAME ORIGIN: Named after its locality. LOCALITY: Maharitra on Mt. Bity, Madagascar.
Bixbyite Say Bixbyite  View Bixbyite Image View Bixbyite Form  (Mn+++,Fe+++)2O3 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1897
NAME ORIGIN: Named after the American mineralogist, M. Bixby.
Bjarebyite Say Bjarebyite  View Bjarebyite Image  (Ba,Sr)(Mn++,Fe++,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 Approved IMA 1973
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Alfred Gunnar Bjareby (1899-1967), Swedish-American student of New England pegmatite minerals.
Bjelkite - See Cosalite
Black Copper Oxide - See Tenorite
Black Jack - See Sphalerite
Black Lead - See Graphite
Blakeite Say Blakeite  View Blakeite Image Fe2(TeO3)3 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1944
NAME ORIGIN: Named for William P. Blake (1826-1910), a pioneer geologist and mineralogist of the American southwest.
Blanchardite - See Brochantite
Blatonite Say Blatonite  View Blatonite Images Gallery  UO2CO3·(H2O) Approved IMA 1998 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: For Dr. Norbert Blaton (1945-), crystallographer at the University of Leuven, Belgium, a specialist on the crystal structure of uranium minerals.
Blatterite Say Blatterite  View Blatterite Image  (Mn++,Mg)35Sb3(Mn+++,Fe+++)9(BO3)16O32 Approved IMA 1988
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Fritz Blatter (1943-), German mineral collector, who discovered the mineral.
Bleasdaleite View Bleasdaleite Image (Ca,Fe+++)2Cu5(Bi,Cu)(PO4 )4(H2O,OH,Cl)13 Approved IMA 1998 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: For the Reverend John Ignatius Bleasdale (1822-1884), an enthusiastic proponent of minerals from Victoria.
Blixite Say Blixite  View Blixite Image  Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1958
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Ragner Blix (1898-), Chemist, Swedish Museum of Natural History.
Blockite - See Penroseite
Blodite Say Blodite  View Blodite Image  Na2Mg(SO4)2·4(H2O) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1821
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Carl August Bloede (1773-1820), German chemist.
Bloedite - See Blodite
Blomstrandite - See Betafite
Blossite Say Blossite   Cu2V+++++2O7 Approved IMA 1986
NAME ORIGIN: Named for F. Donald Bloss, American mineralogist, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Blacksburg, Virginia.
Blue Iron Earth - See Vivianite
Blue Lead - See Galena
Blue spar - See Lazulite
Blue Vitrol - See Chalcanthite
Boart - See Diamond
Bobdownsite View Bobdownsite Image Ca9Mg(PO3F)(PO4)6 Approved IMA 2008 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Robert (Bob) Terrance Downs, Professor of Geophysics, University of Arizona, and chief advisor for the RRUFF project to collect Raman spectra of all minerals.
Bobfergusonite Say Bobfergusonite  View Bobfergusonite Image  Na2Mn++5Fe+++Al(PO4)6 Approved IMA 1986
NAME ORIGIN: To honor Emeritus Professor Robert Bury Ferguson (1920- ), Canadian mineralogist, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada, especially for his contributions to pegmatite mineralogy.
Bobierrite Say Bobierrite  View Bobierrite Image  Mg3(PO4)2·8(H2O) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1868
NAME ORIGIN: In honor of Pierre Adolphe Bobierre (1823-1881), French agricultural chemist, who first described the mineral.
Bobjonesite View Bobjonesite Image  VO(SO4)(H2O)3 Approved IMA 2001 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Bob Jones (1926-), of Cave Creek, Arizona, USA.
Bobkingite View Bobkingite Form Cu5Cl2(OH)8(H2O)2 Approved IMA 2002 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Robert King, formerly of the Department of Geology, Leicester University, prominent mineral collector and founding member of the Russell Society.
Bobrovskite - See Awaruite
Bobtraillite View Bobtraillite Image  (Na,Ca)13Sr11(Zr,Y,Nb)14Si42B6O132(OH)12·12H2O Approved IMA 2001 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Robert (Bob) James Traill (1921-), mineralogist, former head of the mineralogy section of the Geological Survey of Canada (1953-1986), and for his contributions to mineralogy.
Boeggildite - See Boggildite
Boehmite Say Boehmite  View Boehmite Image AlO(OH) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1927
NAME ORIGIN: Named after the German geologist and paleontologist, J. Bohm (1857-1938).
Bogdanovite Say Bogdanovite  View Bogdanovite Image  (Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe) Approved IMA 1979
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Aleksei A. Bogdanov (1907-1971), Russian geologist.
Boggildite Say Boggildite   Sr2Na2Al2(PO4)F9 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1954
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Ove Balthasar Bøggild (1872-1956), Danish mineralogist, Professor of Geology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Boggsite Say Boggsite  View Boggsite Images Gallery  NaCa2(Al5Si19O48)·17(H2O) Approved IMA 1990
NAME ORIGIN: After Robert Maxwell Boggs (1918- ), of Seattle, Washington, USA, and his son, Dr. Russell Calvin Boggs (1952- ), of Cheney, Washington, USA, mineral collectors.
Bogvadite Say Bogvadite Na2SrBa2Al4F20 Approved IMA 1988
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Richard Bogvad (1952-), Danish, former chief geologist of the cryolite mining company.
Bohdanowiczite Say Bohdanowiczite  View Bohdanowiczite Image  AgBiSe2 Approved IMA 1967
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Karol Bohdanovicz (1864-1947), Polish economic geologist.
Bokite Say Bokite  View Bokite Images Gallery (Al,Fe+++)1.3(V++++,Fe)8O20·4.7(H2O) Approved IMA 1963
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Ivan I. Bok, (1898-), Kazakh mineralogist.
Boldyrevite NaCaMgAl3F14·4(H2O) Discredited IMA 2006 - Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1946
NAME ORIGIN: Named for A. K. Boldyrev, Russian mineralogist.
Boldyrevite - See Ralstonite
REMARKS: impure ralstonite or gearksutite
Boldyrevite - See Gearksutite
REMARKS: Impure ralstonite or gearksutite
Boleite Say Boleite  View Boleite Image View Boleite Form   KPb26Ag9Cu24Cl62(OH)48 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1891
NAME ORIGIN: Named after is locality. LOCALITY: Boleo, Baja California, Mexico.
Bolivarite Say Bolivarite  View Bolivarite Image Al2(PO4)(OH)3·4-5(H2O) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1921
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Ignacio Boivar Y Urrutia (1850-?), Spanish entomologist.
Bolivarite - See Variscite
Boltwoodite Say Boltwoodite  View Boltwoodite Images Gallery   HK(UO2)(SiO4)·1.5(H2O) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1956
NAME ORIGIN: For Bertram Borden Boltwood (1870-1927), radiochemist of Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA, who devised the U-Pb method of measuring geologic time.
Bonaccordite Say Bonaccordite   Ni2Fe+++BO5 Approved IMA 1974
NAME ORIGIN: Named for the locality. LOCALITY: Three km west of the Scotia talc mine, Bon Accord area, Barberton, Transvaal, South Africa.
Bonattite Say Bonattite  View Bonattite Image  CuSO4·3(H2O) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1957
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Stefano Bonatti (1902-1968), Italian petrologist, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
Bonchevite - See Pekovite
REMARKS: Mixture of pekoite and galenobismutiteBonchevite - mixture of pekoite and galenobismutite
Bonchevite - See Galenobismutite
REMARKS: Mixture of pekoite and galenobismutite
Bonshtedtite Say Bonshtedtite  View Bonshtedtite Image Na3Fe++(PO4)(CO3) Approved IMA 1982
NAME ORIGIN: To honor Elsa Maksimilianovna Bonshtedt-Kupletskaya (1897-1974), Russian specialist in mineralogy of alkalic massifs.
Booart - See Diamond
Boothite Say Boothite  View Boothite Image CuSO4·7(H2O) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1903
NAME ORIGIN: Named for Edward Booth (1857-1917), American chemist, University of California.
Boracite Say Boracite  View Boracite Image View Boracite Form  Mg3B7O13Cl Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1789
NAME ORIGIN: Named after its composition containing boron.
Boralsilite Say Boralsilite  View Boralsilite Image  Al16B6Si2O27 Approved IMA 1998 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: Named after its composition of (bor}on, (al)uminum, and (sil)icon.
Borax Say Borax  View Borax Image View Borax Form  Na2B4O5(OH)4·8(H2O) Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1753
NAME ORIGIN: From the Arabic buraq, for "white."
Borcarite Say Borcarite  View Borcarite Image  Ca4MgB4O6(OH)6(CO3)2 Approved IMA 1965
NAME ORIGIN: Named for the BORate and CARbonate in the composition.
Boric Acid - See Sassolite
Borickite - See Delvauxite
REMARKS: 42.6.6.2
Borishanskiite Say Borishanskiite Pd1+x(As,Pb)2, x = 0-0.2 Approved IMA 1975
NAME ORIGIN: For S.S. Borishanski, Soviet mineralogist.
Bornemanite Say Bornemanite  View Bornemanite Images Gallery   BaNa3{(Na,Ti)4[(Ti,Nb)2O2Si4O14](F,OH)2}·PO4 Approved IMA 1975
NAME ORIGIN: Named or Irina Dimitrievna Borneman-Starynkevich (1890-), Russian mineralogist, Institute of Ore Deposits, Moscow. She was a student of the mineralogy of the Khibiny and Lovozero massifs.
Bornhardtite Say Bornhardtite Co++Co+++2Se4 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1955
NAME ORIGIN: After Dr. Wilhelm Bornhardt (1864-?), German student of ore deposits.
Bornite Say Bornite  View Bornite Image  Cu5FeS4 Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1725
NAME ORIGIN: Named after the Austrian mineralogist, I. von Born (1742-1791).
Borocookeite View Borocookeite Image Li(1+3x)Al(4-x)(BSi3)O10(OH,F)8 [x = 0-0.33] Approved IMA 2003 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: Named as the boron-rich analog of cookeite.
Borodaevite Say Borodaevite Ag5(Bi,Sb)9S16 Approved IMA 1992
NAME ORIGIN: Named in 1992 for its similarity to pavonite.
Boromullite View Boromullite Images Gallery  Al4.5SiB0.5O9.5 Approved IMA 2007 (Dana # Added)
NAME ORIGIN: Named as the boron analog to mullite.
Boromuscovite Say Boromuscovite  View Boromuscovite Image   KAl2(Si3B)O10(OH,F)2 Approved IMA 1991
NAME ORIGIN: Presumably for the BOROn content and relation to "muscovite."
B Mineral Pages:[1] [2] [3] [4] [5]