Mineralogy Database

Abhurite Mineral Data

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General Abhurite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: Sn3O(OH)2Cl2
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 477.05 gm
   Tin       74.65 %  Sn   84.71 % SnO
   Hydrogen   0.42 %  H     3.78 % H2O
   Chlorine  14.86 %  Cl   14.86 % Cl
               -   %   Cl   -3.35 % -O=Cl2   
   Oxygen    10.06 %  O
            ______        ______ 
            100.00 %      100.00 % = TOTAL OXIDE
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Sn3O(OH)2Cl2
Help on Environment: Environment: Found on ship-wrecked corroded tin ingots.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Approved IMA 1983
Help on Locality: Locality: Sharm Abhur, a cove in the Red Sea, Saudi Arabia, Jiddah, Red Sea Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Named for its locality.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Abhurite Say ABHURITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 15581
  PDF 39-314

Abhurite Image

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Comments: Pearly translucent pale yellow crystalline abhurite.
Location: Shipwreck off Hidra, Vest-Agder, Norway. Scale: See Photo.
© Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral Species

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Comments: Brownish tabular crystals of abhurite.
Location: Shipwreck "Hydra", South coast of Norway. Scale: Picture Size 5 mm.
© Thomas Witzke

Abhurite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:c = 1:4.39508
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 10.018, c = 44.03, Z = 21; V = 3,826.85 Den(Calc)= 4.35
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Trigonal - Trapezohedral H-M Symbol (3 2) Space Group: R 32
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.5313(1), 2.8915(0.7), 4.139(0.5),

Physical Properties of Abhurite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: None
Help on Color: Color: Colorless.
Help on Density: Density: 4.29 - 4.34, Average = 4.31
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Transparent
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Hackly - Jagged, torn surfaces, (e.g. fractured metals).
Help on Habit: Habit: Euhedral Crystals - Occurs as well-formed crystals showing good external form.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 2 - Gypsum
Help on Luster: Luster: Chatoyant
Help on Streak: Streak: white

Optical Properties of Abhurite

Help on Dichroism (e): Dichroism (e): colorless.
Help on Dichroism (w): Dichroism (w): colorless.
Help on Gladstone-Dale: Gladstone-Dale: CI meas= -0.409 (Poor) - where the CI = (1-KPDmeas/KC)
CI calc= -0.398 (Poor) - where the CI = (1-KPDcalc/KC)
KPDcalc= 0.2494,KPDmeas= 0.2514,KC= 0.1784
Ncalc = 1.77 - 1.78
Help on Optical Data: Optical Data: Uniaxial (+), w=2.06, e=2.11, bire=0.0500.

Calculated Properties of Abhurite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=3.83 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Abhurite =4.35 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.12
Boson Index = 0.88
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEAbhurite = 234.54 barns/electron
U=PEAbhurite x rElectron Density= 898.24 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Abhurite is Not Radioactive

Abhurite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: (10)Oxyhalides and Hydroxyhalides
  (10.05)where Am (O,OH)p Xq
  (10.05.09)Dana Group Abhurite Sn3O(OH)2Cl2 R 32 3 2
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 03.DA.30 03 - HALIDES
  03.D - Oxyhalides, Hydroxyhalides and Related Double Halides
  03.DA -With Cu, etc., without Pb
03.DA.30 Abhurite Sn3O(OH)2Cl2 R 32 3 2

Other Abhurite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( Dana8) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Abhurite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info

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Dana No: Strunz No: 03.DA.30





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