Mineralogy Database

Antimony Mineral Data

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General Antimony Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: Sb
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 121.75 gm
   Antimony 100.00 %  Sb
            ______ 
            100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Sb
Help on Environment: Environment: Hydrothermal veins.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) Prehistoric
Help on Locality: Locality: Sala Silver Mine, Sala, VīŋŊstmanland, Sweden. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: From the Arabic, al-uthmud, to Medieval Latin, antimonium; originally applied to stibnite, the sulfide of antimony.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Antimony Say ANTIMONY
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 64695
  PDF 35-732
 

Antimony Image

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  Antimony

Comments: Massive pure native antimony.
Location: Arechuybo, Chihuahua, Mexico. Scale: Size Not Given.
© John Veevaert

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  Valentinite   Antimony

Comments: Beige valentinite crystals with red kermesite in a matrix of gray, massive antimony.
Location: South-Ham Antimony mine, Lake Nicolet, Quebec, Canada. Scale: Picture Size 3 cm.
© Dave Barthelmy

Antimony Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:c = 1:2.61688
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 4.299, c = 11.25, Z = 6; V = 180.06 Den(Calc)= 6.74
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Trigonal - Hexagonal Scalenohedral H-M Symbol (3 2/m) Space Group: R 3m
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 3.109(1), 2.248(0.7), 1.368(0.67),
Help on Forms: Forms:

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Help on Above

Forms: ( 0 1 2) ( 0 1 8) ( 0 0 1)

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Physical Properties of Antimony

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {0001} Perfect
Help on Color: Color: Light gray, Tin white.
Help on Density: Density: 6.61 - 6.72, Average = 6.66
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Brittle - Generally displayed by glasses and most non-metallic minerals.
Help on Habit: Habit: Massive - Lamellar - Distinctly foliated fine-grained forms.
Help on Habit: Habit: Massive - Uniformly indistinguishable crystals forming large masses.
Help on Habit: Habit: Reticulate - Fibers or columns cross in "Net-like" crystalline growths (e.g. cerrusite).
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 3-3.5 - Calcite-Copper Penny
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Help on Streak: Streak: lead gray
 

Optical Properties of Antimony

Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Weak in air, lively in oil.
Help on RL Pleochroism: RL Pleochroism: Very feeble.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Antimony in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   71.20   73.40 
   
 420 nm   71.40   73.20 
 440 nm   71.50   73.00 
 460 nm   71.40   72.90 
 480 nm   71.20   72.60 
 500 nm   70.90   72.40 
 520 nm   70.50   72.00 
 540 nm   70.00   71.60 
 560 nm   69.40   71.20 
 580 nm   69.00   70.80 
 600 nm   68.60   70.60 
 620 nm   68.40   70.30 
 640 nm   68.30   70.20 
 660 nm   68.20   70.10 
 680 nm   68.30   70.20 
 700 nm   68.40   70.30 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Antimony in Air
Relative
Intensity
   0%   20%   40%   60%   80% 100% 120% 130%
R1                
R2                
 

Calculated Properties of Antimony

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=5.65 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Antimony =6.74 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0
Boson Index = 1
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEAntimony = 350.91 barns/electron
U=PEAntimony x rElectron Density=1,981.45 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Antimony is Not Radioactive
 

Antimony Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 01.03.01.02 (01)Native Elements
  (01.03)with semi-metallic and non-metallic elements
  (01.03.01)Arsenic group
 
01.03.01.01 Arsenic As R 3m 3 2/m
 
01.03.01.02 Antimony Sb R 3m 3 2/m
 
01.03.01.03 Stibarsen SbAs R 3m 3 2/m
 
01.03.01.04 Bismuth Bi R 3m 3 2/m
 
01.03.01.05 Stistaite SnSb R 3m 3 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 01.CA.05 01 - ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
  01.C - Metalloids and Nonmetals
  01.CA -Arsenic group elements
 
01.CA.05 Bismuth Bi R 3m 3 2/m
 
01.CA.05 Antimony Sb R 3m 3 2/m
 
01.CA.05 Arsenic As R 3m 3 2/m
 
01.CA.05 Stibarsen SbAs R 3m 3 2/m
 

Other Antimony Information

Help on References: References: NAME( Sinkankas66) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Antimony :
1 - Alkali-Nuts(English)
2 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
3 - Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery
4 - Athena
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom
12 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
13 - Online Mineral Museum
14 - QUT Mineral Atlas
15 - Ruff.Info
16 - Scandinavian mineral gallery
17 - WWW-MINCRYST

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Antimony

Sb
Dana No: 01.03.01.02 Strunz No: 01.CA.05
Locality:

 

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