Mineralogy Database

Breithauptite Mineral Data

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General Breithauptite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: NiSb
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 180.44 gm
   Nickel    32.53 %  Ni
   Antimony  67.47 %  Sb
            ______ 
            100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: NiSb
Help on Environment: Environment: In hydrothermal calcite veins associated with Co-Ni-Ag ores.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1845
Help on Locality: Locality: From the Cobalt district, near Red Lake; in the Silver Islet mine and the Hemlo gold deposit, Thunder Bay district, Ontario, Canada. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: After the Saxon mineralogist Johann Friedrich August Breithaupt (1791-1873).
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Breithauptite + Pronunciation Say BREITHAUPTITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 293304
  PDF 41-1439
 

Breithauptite Image

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  Breithauptite

Comments: Three brownish, metallic hexagonal prisms of breithauptite in calcite.
Location: Sarrabus, Sardinia, Italy. Scale: Size Not Given.
© Lou Perloff / Photo Atlas of Minerals

Breithauptite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:c = 1:1.30534
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 3.93, c = 5.13, Z = 2; V = 68.62 Den(Calc)= 8.73
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Hexagonal - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal H-M Symbol (6/m 2/m 2/m) Space Group: P 63/mmc
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.86(1), 1.97(0.4), 2.05(0.4),
Help on Forms: Forms:

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Help on Above

Forms: ( 1 0 1) ( 1 0 3) ( 0 1 0) ( 0 0 1)

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Physical Properties of Breithauptite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: None
Help on Color: Color: Copper red, Light brown red.
Help on Density: Density: 8.23
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Uneven - Flat surfaces (not cleavage) fractured in an uneven pattern.
Help on Habit: Habit: Massive - Uniformly indistinguishable crystals forming large masses.
Help on Habit: Habit: Reniform - "Kidney like" in shape (e.g.. hematite).
Help on Habit: Habit: Tabular - Form dimensions are thin in one direction.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 3.5-4 - Copper Penny-Fluorite
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Help on Streak: Streak: reddish brown
 

Optical Properties of Breithauptite

Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Very noticeable in air and oil.
Help on RL Color: RL Color: Light copper red with violet tint.
Help on RL Pleochroism: RL Pleochroism: Very distinct.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Breithauptite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   47.80   51.40 
   
 420 nm   45.50   49.30 
 440 nm   43.20   47.20 
 460 nm   41.10   45.80 
 480 nm   39.50   45.20 
 500 nm   38.50   45.60 
 520 nm   38.70   46.80 
 540 nm   41.00   48.60 
 560 nm   43.60   51.10 
 580 nm   46.60   53.40 
 600 nm   49.30   55.60 
 620 nm   51.60   57.60 
 640 nm   53.60   59.30 
 660 nm   55.30   60.90 
 680 nm   56.80   62.20 
 700 nm   58.00   63.30 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Breithauptite in Air
Relative
Intensity
   0%   30%   60%   90% 100% 120% 150% 180% 210%
R1                  
R2                  
 

Calculated Properties of Breithauptite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=7.64 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Breithauptite =8.73 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.0036754434
Boson Index = 0.9963245566
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEBreithauptite = 240.90 barns/electron
U=PEBreithauptite x rElectron Density=1,841.50 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Breithauptite is Not Radioactive
 

Breithauptite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 02.08.11.02 (02)Sulfides - Including Selenides and Tellurides
  (02.08)where Am Bn Xp, with (m+n):p=1:1
  (02.08.11)Nickeline Group (Hexagonal: P63/mmc)
 
02.08.11.01 Nickeline NiAs P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.02 Breithauptite NiSb P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.03 Sederholmite NiSe P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.04 Hexatestibiopanickelite (Ni,Pd)(Te,Sb) P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.05 Sudburyite (Pd,Ni)Sb P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.06 Kotulskite Pd(Te,Bi) P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.07 Sobolevskite PdBi P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.08 Stumpflite Pt(Sb,Bi) P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.09 Langisite (Co,Ni)As P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.10 Freboldite CoSe P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.11 Achavalite! FeSe P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.12 Sorosite! Cu(Sn,Sb) P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.08.11.13 Vavrinite! Ni2SbTe2 P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.CC.05 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.C - Metal Sulfides, M:S = 1:1 (and similar)
  02.CC -With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
 
02.CC.05 Achavalite FeSe P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Breithauptite NiSb P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Freboldite CoSe P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Hexatestibiopanickelite (Ni,Pd)(Te,Sb) P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Langisite (Co,Ni)As P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Jaipurite* CoS P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Kotulskite Pd(Te,Bi) P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Nickeline NiAs P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Zlatogorite! CuNiSb2 P 3m1 3 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Sederholmite NiSe P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Stumpflite Pt(Sb,Bi) P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Sudburyite (Pd,Ni)Sb P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.CC.05 Sobolevskite PdBi P 63/mmc 6/m 2/m 2/m
 

Other Breithauptite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic1) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Breithauptite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - Franklin Minerals(Dunn)
6 - GeoScienceWorld
7 - Google Images
8 - Google Scholar
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
10 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
11 - MinDAT
12 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
13 - Online Mineral Museum
14 - QUT Mineral Atlas
15 - Ruff.Info
16 - WWW-MINCRYST

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Breithauptite

NiSb
Dana No: 02.08.11.02 Strunz No: 02.CC.05
Locality:

 

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