Mineralogy Database

Cummingtonite Mineral Data

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General Cummingtonite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: [ ]Mg7Si8O22(OH)2
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 780.82 gm
   Magnesium  21.79 %  Mg   36.13 % MgO
   Silicon    28.78 %  Si   61.56 % SiO2
   Hydrogen    0.26 %  H     2.31 % H2O
   Oxygen     49.18 %  O
             ______        ______ 
             100.00 %      100.00 % = TOTAL OXIDE
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Mg7(Si8O22)(OH)2
Help on Environment: Environment: Contact and regional metamorphic rocks.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1824
Help on Locality: Locality: Cummington, Massachusetts, USA. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Named after its locality.
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 81355
  PDF 42-545
 

Cummingtonite Image

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  Cummingtonite

Comments: Light brown prismatic crystalline aggregate of cummingtonite with radiating structure.
Location: West Chesterfield, Hampshire County, Massachusetts, USA. Scale: See Photo.
© Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral Species

Cummingtonite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:b:c =0.5229:1:0.292
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 9.534, b = 18.231, c = 5.3235, Z = 2; beta = 101.97° V = 905.18 Den(Calc)= 2.86
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Monoclinic - Prismatic H-M Symbol (2/m) Space Group: C 2/m
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 8.33(1), 2.756(0.7), 3.06(0.7),
 

Physical Properties of Cummingtonite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {110} Perfect, {???} Distinct
Help on Color: Color: White, Black, Blackish brown, Blackish green, Gray.
Help on Density: Density: 3.1 - 3.6, Average = 3.35
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Transparent to translucent to opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Brittle - Conchoidal - Very brittle fracture producing small, conchoidal fragments.
Help on Habit: Habit: Columnar - Forms columns
Help on Habit: Habit: Fibrous - Crystals made up of fibers.
Help on Habit: Habit: Granular - Generally occurs as anhedral to subhedral crystals in matrix.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 5-6 - Between Apatite and Orthoclase
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Vitreous - Silky
Help on Streak: Streak: grayish white
 

Optical Properties of Cummingtonite

Help on Gladstone-Dale: Gladstone-Dale: CI meas= 0.04 (Good) - where the CI = (1-KPDmeas/KC)
CI calc= -0.125 (Poor) - where the CI = (1-KPDcalc/KC)
KPDcalc= 0.2341,KPDmeas= 0.1999,KC= 0.2082
Ncalc = 1.6 - 1.75
Help on Optical Data: Optical Data: Biaxial (+), a=1.639-1.671, b=1.647-1.689, g=1.664-1.708, bire=0.0250-0.0370, 2V(Calc)=70-90, 2V(Meas)=65-90. Dispersion r > v or r < v.
Help on Pleochroism (x): Pleochroism (x): colorless, colorless, or pale yellow.
Help on Pleochroism (y): Pleochroism (y): colorless, pale yellow, or pale brown.
 

Calculated Properties of Cummingtonite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=3.35 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Cummingtonite =3.35 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.03
Boson Index = 0.97
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PECummingtonite = 1.59 barns/electron
U=PECummingtonite x rElectron Density= 5.33 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Cummingtonite is Not Radioactive
 

Cummingtonite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 66.01.01.02 (66)Inosilicate Double-Width Unbranched Chains, W=2
  (66.01)with P=2 amphibole configuration
  (66.01.01)Group 1, the Mg-Fe-Mn-Li amphiboles (Monoclinic)
 
66.01.01.01 Magnesiocummingtonite (Mg,Fe)7Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.02 Cummingtonite []Mg7Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.03 Grunerite []Fe7Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.03b Permanganogrunerite! []Mn4(Fe)3(Si8O22)(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.04 Manganocummingtonite Na(Na,Mn)2(Mg4,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.05 Manganogrunerite []Mn2Fe5Si8O22(OH) C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.06 Magnesioclinoholmquistite? Li2(Mg,Fe)3Al2Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.07 Clinoholmquistite? [](Li2Mg3Al2)Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.08 Clinoferroholmquistite [](Li2Fe3Al2)Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.08a Ferri-clinoholmquistite! []Li2Mg3(Fe3)2(Si8O22)(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.08b Ferri-clinoferroholmquistite! []Li2(Fe2Fe3)Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.09 Sodic-ferripedrizite! Na(LiNa)(Fe2Mg2Li)Si8O22(OH,F)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.09a Ferripedrizite! NaLi2(Fe2Mg2Li)Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.09b Sodic-ferri-ferropedrizite! NaLi2(Fe2Fe3)Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
66.01.01.09c Fluoro-sodic-pedrizite! NaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)S5Si8O22F2 C 2/m 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 09.DE.05 09 - SILICATES (Germanates)
  09.D - Inosilicates* Structural terminology according to Liebau (1985)
  09.DE -Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; amphibole family
 
09.DE.05 Ferro-anthophyllite []Fe7Si8O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Anthophyllite []Mg7Si8O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Ferrogedrite []Fe5Al2Si6Al2O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Gedrite []Mg5Al2Si6Al2O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Ferroholmquistite [](Li2Fe3Al2)Si8O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Holmquistite [](Li2Mg3Al2)Si8O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Cummingtonite []Mg7Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Clinoferroholmquistite [](Li2Fe3Al2)Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Grunerite []Fe7Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Magnesiocummingtonite (Mg,Fe)7Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Manganogrunerite []Mn2Fe5Si8O22(OH) C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Magnesioanthophyllite? (Mg,Fe)7Si8O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Protomangano-ferro-anthophyllite! (Mn,Fe)2(Fe,Mg)5(Si4O11)2(OH)2 Pnmn 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Sodicgedrite NaMg6AlSi6Al2O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Sodic-ferro-anthophyllite! NaFe7Si8O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Sodic-ferrogedrite! NaFe6AlSi6Al2O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Sodicanthophyllite NaMg7Si8O22(OH)2 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Permanganogrunerite! []Mn4(Fe)3(Si8O22)(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Protoferro-anthophyllite! (Fe,Mn)2(Fe,Mg)5(Si4O11)2(OH)2 Pnmn 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Fluoro-sodic-pedrizite! NaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)S5Si8O22F2 C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Sodic-ferri-ferropedrizite! NaLi2(Fe2Fe3)Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Manganocummingtonite Na(Na,Mn)2(Mg4,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Protoanthophyllite! (Mg,Fe)7Si8O22(OH)2 Pnmn 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Ferri-clinoferroholmquistite! []Li2(Fe2Fe3)Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Sodic-ferripedrizite! Na(LiNa)(Fe2Mg2Li)Si8O22(OH,F)2 C 2/m 2/m
 
09.DE.05 Ferripedrizite! NaLi2(Fe2Mg2Li)Si8O22(OH)2 C 2/m 2/m
 

Other Cummingtonite Information

Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Cummingtonite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery
3 - Athena
4 - EUROmin Project
5 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
6 - Franklin Minerals(Dunn)
7 - Franklin Minerals(Palache)
8 - GeoScienceWorld
9 - Google Images
10 - Google Scholar
11 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
12 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
13 - MinDAT
14 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
15 - Online Mineral Museum
16 - QUT Mineral Atlas
17 - Ruff.Info
18 - Scandinavian mineral gallery
19 - UCLA - Petrography Thin-Sections
20 - WWW-MINCRYST
21 - YupRocks

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Cummingtonite

[ ]Mg7Si8O22(OH)2
Dana No: 66.01.01.02 Strunz No: 09.DE.05
Locality:

 

Notes:

 

 


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