Mineralogy Database

Galena Mineral Data

Search Webmineral :
  
Advertisment

General Galena Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: PbS
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 239.27 gm
   Lead    86.60 %  Pb
   Sulfur  13.40 %  S
          ______ 
          100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: PbS
Help on Environment: Environment: Lead sulfide ore veins, and disseminated in igneous and sedimentary rocks.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) Prehistoric
Help on Locality: Locality: Joplin district of Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma and other world wide occurrences. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: The Roman naturalist, Pliny, used the name galena to describe lead ore.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Galena Say GALENA
Help on Synonym: Synonym: Blue Lead
  ICSD 38293
  Lead Glance
  PDF 5-592
 

Galena Image

Click Here for Larger   Image in a New Browser Window Images:
Click Here for Larger   Image

  Galena

Comments: Galena on pyrrhotite. The crystals of galena reach to 1.5 cm across. All are cubic with octahedral modifications.
Location: Dal'Negorsk, Russia. Scale: 8x10 cm.
© John Veevaert

Click Here for Larger   Image in a New Browser Window Images:
Click Here for Larger   Image

  Plumbojarosite   Galena

Comments: Yellow, earthy plumbojarosite on massive, gray galena.
Location: Quarry No 3, Königshain, Oberlausitz, Saxony, Germany. Scale: Picture size 4 mm.
© Thomas Witzke / Abraxas-Verlag

Galena Crystallography

Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 5.936, Z = 4; V = 209.16 Den(Calc)= 7.60
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Isometric - Hexoctahedral H-M Symbol (4/m 3 2/m) Space Group: F m3m
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.969(1), 3.429(0.84), 2.099(0.57),
Help on Forms: Forms:

Mouse
Dbl Clk - Start-Stop Rotation
RMB - Cycle Display Modes
Drag1 - Manipulate Crystal
Drag2 - Resize

Keyboard
S - Stereo
I - Indicies
<space> - Start-Stop Rotation
F - Fit to Screen
M - Menu

Help on Above

Forms: ( 1 0 0) ( 1 1 1)

Warning: this java applet does not work in some browsers because of security restrictions.

 

Physical Properties of Galena

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {001} Perfect, {010} Perfect, {100} Perfect
Help on Color: Color: Light lead gray, Dark lead gray.
Help on Density: Density: 7.2 - 7.6, Average = 7.4
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Brittle - Generally displayed by glasses and most non-metallic minerals.
Help on Habit: Habit: Euhedral Crystals - Occurs as well-formed crystals showing good external form.
Help on Habit: Habit: Massive - Granular - Common texture observed in granite and other igneous rock.
Help on Habit: Habit: Massive - Uniformly indistinguishable crystals forming large masses.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 2.5 - Finger Nail
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Help on Streak: Streak: grayish black
 

Optical Properties of Galena

Help on RL Color: RL Color: White.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Galena in Air
λ R  ∑ R(λ) 
 400 nm   52.80   
 420 nm   50.50 
 440 nm   48.20 
 460 nm   46.40 
 480 nm   45.00 
 500 nm   43.90 
 520 nm   43.00 
 540 nm   42.40 
 560 nm   41.90 
 580 nm   41.60 
 600 nm   41.50 
 620 nm   41.60 
 640 nm   41.80 
 660 nm   41.90 
 680 nm   42.10 
 700 nm   42.20 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Galena in Air
Relative
Intensity
   0%   30%   60%   90% 100% 120% 150% 180% 210%
R                  
 

Calculated Properties of Galena

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=6.23 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Galena =7.60 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.19
Boson Index = 0.81
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEGalena =1,623.65 barns/electron
U=PEGalena x rElectron Density=10108.40 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Galena is Not Radioactive
 

Galena Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 02.08.01.01 (02)Sulfides - Including Selenides and Tellurides
  (02.08)where Am Bn Xp, with (m+n):p=1:1
  (02.08.01)Galena Group (Isometric: Fm3m)
 
02.08.01.01 Galena PbS F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.08.01.02 Clausthalite PbSe F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.08.01.03 Altaite PbTe F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.08.01.04 Alabandite MnS F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.08.01.05 Oldhamite (Ca,Mg,Fe)S F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.08.01.06 Niningerite (Mg,Fe,Mn)S F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.08.01.07 Borovskite Pd3SbTe4 F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.08.01.08 Crerarite (Pt,Pb)Bi3(S,Se)4-x(x~0.7) F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.08.01.09 Keilite! (Fe,Mn,Mg,Ca,Cr)S F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.CD.10 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.C - Metal Sulfides, M:S = 1:1 (and similar)
  02.CD -With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.
 
02.CD.10 Alabandite MnS F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.CD.10 Altaite PbTe F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.CD.10 Galena PbS F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.CD.10 Clausthalite PbSe F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.CD.10 Niningerite (Mg,Fe,Mn)S F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.CD.10 Oldhamite (Ca,Mg,Fe)S F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.CD.10 Keilite! (Fe,Mn,Mg,Ca,Cr)S F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 

Other Galena Information

Help on References: References: NAME( Duda&Rejl90) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Galena :
1 - Alkali-Nuts(English)
2 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
3 - Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery
4 - Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery
5 - Athena
6 - Franklin Minerals(Dunn)
7 - Franklin Minerals(Palache)
8 - GeoScienceWorld
9 - Glendale Community College
10 - Google Images
11 - Google Scholar
12 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
13 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
14 - HyperPhysics
15 - MinDAT
16 - Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom
17 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
18 - NSDL Reciprocal Net (JAVA)
19 - Online Mineral Museum
20 - Philatelic Mineralogy
21 - QUT Mineral Atlas
22 - Ruff.Info
23 - Scandinavian mineral gallery
24 - WWW-MINCRYST
25 - YupRocks

Search for Galena using:

Google
 
Web webmineral.com
[AOL] [Bing] [Dog Pile] [GeoScienceWorld] [HotBot] [Ixquick] [Lycos] [MAMMA] [Scirus] [Teoma] [WebCrawler] [Wikipedia] [YAHOO]

Visit our Advertisers for Galena :

Ask about Galena here :
Ask-A-Mineralogist from the Mineralogical Society of America
Mindat.org's Discussion Groups
Original Rockhounds Discussion Group
Rockhounds Discussion Group on Yahoo Groups
Mineral Discussion Forum from Fabre Minerals - also available in Español

Print or Cut-and-Paste your Galena Specimen Label here :

Galena

PbS
Dana No: 02.08.01.01 Strunz No: 02.CD.10
Locality:

 

Notes:

 

 
   
 


Dakota Matrix
Excalibur Minerals
Exceptional Minerals
Hudson Insitute
John Betts Fine Minerals
Mc Dougall Minerals
Mineral News
Rock and Mineral Shows
Weinrich Minerals, Inc.