Mineralogy Database

Garavellite Mineral Data

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General Garavellite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: FeSbBiS4
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 514.84 gm
   Iron      10.85 %  Fe
   Bismuth   40.59 %  Bi
   Antimony  23.65 %  Sb
   Sulfur    24.91 %  S
            100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Fe2+SbBiS4
Help on Environment: Environment: In a hydrothermal copper deposit with disseminated chalcopyrite in siderite gangue.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Approved IMA 1979
Help on Locality: Locality: Valle del Frigido, one km east of Massa, northern Tuscany, Italy. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: For Professor C.L. Garavelli, Italian mineralogist.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Garavellite + Pronunciation Say GARAVELLITE

Garavellite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:b:c =0.8116:1:0.2663
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 11.439, b = 14.093, c = 3.754, Z = 4; V = 605.18 Den(Calc)= 5.65
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Orthorhombic - Dipyramidal H-M Symbol (2/m 2/m 2/m) Space Group: Pnam
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.63(1), 3.12(1), 3.62(1),

Physical Properties of Garavellite

Help on Color: Color: Gray.
Help on Density: Density: 5.64
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 4 - Fluorite
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic

Optical Properties of Garavellite

Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Strong, in yellowish green to bluish.
Help on RL Color: RL Color: Gray with olive-brown tint.
Help on RL Pleochroism: RL Pleochroism: Distinct.

Calculated Properties of Garavellite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=4.92 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Garavellite =5.65 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.0041685563
Boson Index = 0.9958314437
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEGaravellite = 835.71 barns/electron
U=PEGaravellite x rElectron Density=4,108.76 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Garavellite is Not Radioactive

Garavellite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: (03)Sulfides - Sulfosalts
  (03.07)where z/y = 2 - (A+)i (A++)j [By Cz], A=metals, B=semi-metals, C=non-metals
  (03.07.09)Galenobismutite Group Galenobismutite PbBi2S4 Pnam 2/m 2/m 2/m Sakharovaite? (Pb,Fe)(Bi,Sb)2S4 Mono Berthierite FeSb2S4 Pnam 2/m 2/m 2/m Garavellite FeSbBiS4 Pnam 2/m 2/m 2/m Clerite! MnSb2S4 Pnam 2/m 2/m 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.HA.20 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.H - Sulfosalts of SnS Archetype
  02.HA -With Cu, Ag, Fe (without Pb)
02.HA.20 Berthierite FeSb2S4 Pnam 2/m 2/m 2/m
02.HA.20 Clerite! MnSb2S4 Pnam 2/m 2/m 2/m
02.HA.20 Garavellite FeSbBiS4 Pnam 2/m 2/m 2/m

Other Garavellite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic1) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Garavellite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info

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Print or Cut-and-Paste your Garavellite Specimen Label here :


Dana No: Strunz No: 02.HA.20





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