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Hammarite Mineral Data

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General Hammarite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9 (?)
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 1,666.01 gm
   Copper    7.63 %  Cu
   Bismuth  50.18 %  Bi
   Lead     24.87 %  Pb
   Sulfur   17.32 %  S
           ______ 
           100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Pb2Cu2Bi4S9
Help on Environment: Environment: In hydrothermal veins.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1924
Help on Locality: Locality: Gladhammer, Province of Kalmar, Sweden. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Named after its locality.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Hammarite + Pronunciation Say HAMMARITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 60156
  PDF 30-179
 

Hammarite Image

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  Hammarite

Comments: Metallic, white to gray hammarite with native bismuth in fluorite and quartz.
Location: Sadisdorf, Schmiedeberg, Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany. Scale: Picture size 5 mm.
© Thomas Witzke / Abraxas-Verlag

Hammarite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:b:c =2.8886:1:0.3446
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 33.45, b = 11.58, c = 3.991, Z = 4; V = 1,545.92 Den(Calc)= 7.16
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Orthorhombic - Dipyramidal H-M Symbol (2/m 2/m 2/m) Space Group: Pbnm
 

Physical Properties of Hammarite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {010} Good
Help on Color: Color: Reddish steel gray.
Help on Density: Density: 6.73
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Conchoidal - Fractures developed in brittle materials characterized by smoothly curving surfaces, (e.g. quartz).
Help on Habit: Habit: Acicular - Occurs as needle-like crystals.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 3-4 - Calcite-Fluorite
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Streak: Streak: black
 

Optical Properties of Hammarite

Help on RL Color: RL Color: Steel gray with a red tint.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Hammarite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   40.10   47.00 
   
 420 nm   39.90   47.00 
 440 nm   39.70   47.00 
 460 nm   39.60   47.10 
 480 nm   39.60   47.20 
 500 nm   39.50   47.40 
 520 nm   39.40   47.50 
 540 nm   39.30   47.50 
 560 nm   39.20   47.30 
 580 nm   39.00   47.00 
 600 nm   38.80   46.50 
 620 nm   38.50   46.00 
 640 nm   38.20   45.50 
 660 nm   37.90   45.00 
 680 nm   37.60   44.50 
 700 nm   37.50   44.00 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Hammarite in Air
Relative
Intensity
   0%   30%   60%   90% 100% 120% 150% 180% 210% 230%
R1                    
R2                    
 

Calculated Properties of Hammarite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=6.00 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Hammarite =7.16 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.05
Boson Index = 0.95
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEHammarite =1,424.23 barns/electron
U=PEHammarite x rElectron Density=8,544.79 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Hammarite is Not Radioactive
 

Hammarite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 03.04.05.04 (03)Sulfides - Sulfosalts
  (03.04)where z/y > 3 - (A+)i (A++)j [By Cz], A=metals, B=semi-metals, C=non-metals
  (03.04.05)Aikinite Group (Orthorhombic containing Pb, Cu, Bi, & S)
 
03.04.05.01 Aikinite PbCuBiS3 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
03.04.05.02 Krupkaite PbCuBi3S6 P mc21 mm2
 
03.04.05.03 Gladite PbCuBi5S9 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
03.04.05.04 Hammarite Pb2Cu2Bi4S9(?) Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
03.04.05.05 Friedrichite Pb5Cu5Bi7S18 Pb21m mm2
 
03.04.05.06 Pekoite PbCuBi11(S,Se)18 P 21am mm2
 
03.04.05.07 Lindstromite Pb3Cu3Bi7S15 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
03.04.05.08 Salzburgite! Cu1.6Pb1.6Bi6.4S12 P mc21 mm2
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.HB.05a 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.H - Sulfosalts of SnS Archetype
  02.HB -With Cu, Ag, Hg, Fe, Sn and Pb
 
02.HB.05a Aikinite PbCuBiS3 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.HB.05a Hammarite Pb2Cu2Bi4S9(?) Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.HB.05a Gladite PbCuBi5S9 P nma 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.HB.05a Friedrichite Pb5Cu5Bi7S18 Pb21m mm2
 
02.HB.05a Lindstromite Pb3Cu3Bi7S15 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.HB.05a Krupkaite PbCuBi3S6 P mc21 mm2
 
02.HB.05a Pekoite PbCuBi11(S,Se)18 P 21am mm2
 
02.HB.05a Paarite! Cu1.7Pb1.7Bi6.3S12 Pmcn 2/m 2/m 2/m
 
02.HB.05a Emilite! Cu2.68Pb2.68Bi5.32S12 P mc21 mm2
 
02.HB.05a Salzburgite! Cu1.6Pb1.6Bi6.4S12 P mc21 mm2
 

Other Hammarite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( Ford32) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Hammarite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info
15 - WWW-MINCRYST

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Hammarite

Pb2Cu2Bi4S9 (?)
Dana No: 03.04.05.04 Strunz No: 02.HB.05a
Locality:

 

Notes:

 

 
   
 


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