Mineralogy Database

Herzenbergite Mineral Data

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General Herzenbergite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: SnS
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 150.78 gm
   Tin     78.73 %  Sn
   Sulfur  21.27 %  S
          100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: SnS
Help on Environment: Environment: Of hydrothermal origin, later than the deposition of cassiterite.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1934
Help on Locality: Locality: In the Maria-Teresa mine, near Huari, between Oruro and Uyuni, Bolivia. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: For Robert Herzenberg (1885-?), German chemist of Oruro, Bolivia.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Herzenbergite + Pronunciation Say HERZENBERGITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 24376
  PDF 39-354

Herzenbergite Image

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Comments: B&W polished section images. (C) Herzenbergite (h) and columbite (cb), with remnants of primary cassiterite (c), replaced(?) by varlamoffite (v). (D) Replacement of cassiterite by herzenbergite with euhedral herzenbergite crystals and gangue (g).
Location: Dykes in three granite pegmatite fields in north-central Sweden. (MinMag, v57:388). Scale: Picture Width 0.4 mm.
© Mineralogical Magazine

Herzenbergite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:b:c =0.3872:1:0.3559
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 4.33, b = 11.18, c = 3.98, Z = 4; V = 192.67 Den(Calc)= 5.20
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Orthorhombic - Dipyramidal H-M Symbol (2/m 2/m 2/m) Space Group: Pbnm
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.793(1), 1.399(0.7), 2.831(0.25),

Physical Properties of Herzenbergite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {010} Good
Help on Color: Color: Gray, Black.
Help on Density: Density: 5.197
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 2 - Gypsum
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Streak: Streak: brown black

Optical Properties of Herzenbergite

Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Intense in oil, with yellow to red colors.
Help on RL Color: RL Color: White, with internal reflections in dark red-brown.
Help on RL Pleochroism: RL Pleochroism: Very low, light to darker blue-white.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Herzenbergite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   45.90   52.90 
 420 nm   45.60   53.60 
 440 nm   45.20   53.80 
 460 nm   44.60   53.20 
 480 nm   44.00   52.20 
 500 nm   43.70   51.20 
 520 nm   43.60   50.60 
 540 nm   43.20   49.90 
 560 nm   42.30   48.80 
 580 nm   41.40   47.60 
 600 nm   40.70   46.60 
 620 nm   40.30   45.80 
 640 nm   40.00   45.00 
 660 nm   39.90   44.20 
 680 nm   39.60   43.70 
 700 nm   39.30   43.10 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Herzenbergite in Air
   0%   30%   60%   90% 100% 120% 150% 180% 210% 220%

Calculated Properties of Herzenbergite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=4.55 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Herzenbergite =5.20 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.13
Boson Index = 0.87
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEHerzenbergite = 248.86 barns/electron
U=PEHerzenbergite x rElectron Density=1,132.91 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Herzenbergite is Not Radioactive

Herzenbergite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: (02)Sulfides - Including Selenides and Tellurides
  (02.08)where Am Bn Xp, with (m+n):p=1:1
  (02.08.23)Dana Group Herzenbergite SnS Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.CD.05 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.C - Metal Sulfides, M:S = 1:1 (and similar)
  02.CD -With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.
02.CD.05 Herzenbergite SnS Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
02.CD.05 Teallite PbSnS2 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m

Other Herzenbergite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic1) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Herzenbergite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info

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Dana No: Strunz No: 02.CD.05





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