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Hetaerolite Mineral Data

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General Hetaerolite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: ZnMn+++2O4
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 239.26 gm
   Manganese  45.92 %  Mn   65.98 % Mn2O3
   Zinc       27.33 %  Zn   34.02 % ZnO
   Oxygen     26.75 %  O
             ______        ______ 
             100.00 %      100.00 % = TOTAL OXIDE
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: ZnMn3+2O4
Help on Environment: Environment: Secondary mineral associated with other manganese minerals, primarily in hydrothermal ore deposits.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1877
Help on Locality: Locality: Franklin, Sussex County, New Jersey, USA. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: From the Greek for "companian", for its occasional association with chalcophanite.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Hetaerolite + Pronunciation Say HETAEROLITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 15305
  PDF 24-1133
 

Hetaerolite Image

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  Hetaerolite   Hodgkinsonite

Comments: Dark crystal of hetaerolite on hodgkinsonite.
Location: Sterling Hill, Ogdensburg, Sussex County, New Jersey, USA. Scale: Not Given.
© Lou Perloff / Photo Atlas of Minerals

Hetaerolite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:c = 1:1.59407
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 5.74, c = 9.15, Z = 4; V = 301.47 Den(Calc)= 5.27
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Tetragonal - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal H-M Symbol (4/m 2/m 2/m) Space Group: I 41/amd
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.462(1), 2.707(0.9), 3.04(0.8),
Help on Forms: Forms:

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Forms: ( 0 1 1)

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Physical Properties of Hetaerolite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {001} Indistinct, {112} Poor, {011} Poor
Help on Color: Color: Black.
Help on Density: Density: 4.85 - 5.18, Average = 5.01
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Subtranslucent to opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Brittle - Uneven - Very brittle fracture producing uneven fragments.
Help on Habit: Habit: Botryoidal - "Grape-like" rounded forms (e.g.. malachite).
Help on Habit: Habit: Massive - Granular - Common texture observed in granite and other igneous rock.
Help on Habit: Habit: Stalactitic - Shaped like pendant columns as stalactites or stalagmites (e.g. calcite).
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 6 - Orthoclase
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Sub Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Help on Streak: Streak: brownish black
 

Optical Properties of Hetaerolite

Help on Gladstone-Dale: Gladstone-Dale: CI meas= 0.02 (Excellent) - where the CI = (1-KPDmeas/KC)
CI calc= 0.068 (Fair) - where the CI = (1-KPDcalc/KC)
KPDcalc= 0.2353,KPDmeas= 0.2473,KC= 0.2524
Ncalc = 2.22 - 2.33
Help on Optical Data: Optical Data: Uniaxial (-), e=2.14, w=2.34, bire=0.2000.
Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Strong.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Hetaerolite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   19.30   25.80 
   
 420 nm   18.30   24.00 
 440 nm   17.30   22.20 
 460 nm   16.50   21.00 
 480 nm   15.80   20.10 
 500 nm   15.40   19.40 
 520 nm   15.00   18.90 
 540 nm   14.70   18.40 
 560 nm   14.50   18.10 
 580 nm   14.20   17.80 
 600 nm   14.00   17.60 
 620 nm   13.90   17.40 
 640 nm   13.70   17.20 
 660 nm   13.60   17.00 
 680 nm   13.50   16.90 
 700 nm   13.40   16.80 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Hetaerolite in Air
Relative
Intensity
   0%   70% 100% 140% 210% 280% 350% 420% 490% 560% 610%
R1                      
R2                      
 

Calculated Properties of Hetaerolite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=4.70 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Hetaerolite =5.02 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.01
Boson Index = 0.99
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEHetaerolite = 26.07 barns/electron
U=PEHetaerolite x rElectron Density= 122.41 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Hetaerolite is Not Radioactive
 

Hetaerolite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 07.02.07.02 (07)Multiple Oxides
  (07.02)(A+ B++)2 X4 Spinel group
  (07.02.07)Dana Group
 
07.02.07.01 Hausmannite MnMn2O4 I 41/amd 4/m 2/m 2/m
 
07.02.07.02 Hetaerolite ZnMn2O4 I 41/amd 4/m 2/m 2/m
 
07.02.07.03 Hydrohetaerolite Zn2Mn4O8•(H2O) I 41/amd 4/m 2/m 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 04.BB.10 04 - OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodate
  04.B - Metal:Oxygen = 3:4 and similar
  04.BB -With only medium-sized cations
 
04.BB.10 Hausmannite MnMn2O4 I 41/amd 4/m 2/m 2/m
 
04.BB.10 Iwakiite Mn(Fe,Mn)2O4 P 41/nnm 4/m 2/m 2/m
 
04.BB.10 Hydrohetaerolite Zn2Mn4O8•(H2O) I 41/amd 4/m 2/m 2/m
 
04.BB.10 Hetaerolite ZnMn2O4 I 41/amd 4/m 2/m 2/m
 

Other Hetaerolite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic2) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic3)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Hetaerolite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - Franklin Minerals(Dunn)
6 - Franklin Minerals(Palache)
7 - GeoScienceWorld
8 - Google Images
9 - Google Scholar
10 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
11 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
12 - MinDAT
13 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
14 - Online Mineral Museum
15 - QUT Mineral Atlas
16 - Ruff.Info
17 - WWW-MINCRYST

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Hetaerolite

ZnMn+++2O4
Dana No: 07.02.07.02 Strunz No: 04.BB.10
Locality:

 

Notes:

 

 
   
 


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