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Hiarneite Mineral Data

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General Hiarneite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: (Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn+++)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 916.77 gm
   Sodium      0.50 %  Na    0.68 % Na2O
   Calcium     5.25 %  Ca    7.34 % CaO
   Zirconium  29.85 %  Zr   40.32 % ZrO2
   Titanium    3.13 %  Ti    5.23 % TiO2
   Manganese  15.58 %  Mn    4.64 % MnO / 17.22 % Mn2O3
   Iron        1.83 %  Fe    2.61 % Fe2O3
   Antimony   15.94 %  Sb   19.08 % Sb2O3
   Oxygen     27.92 %  O
             ______        ______ 
             100.00 %       97.12 % = TOTAL OXIDE
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Ca1.2Mn2+0.6Na0.2Zr3Mn3+2Sb1.2Ti0.6Fe3+0.3O16
Help on Environment: Environment: Isostructural with calzirtite. In a skarn assemblage resulted from metasomatic reactions affecting a felsic volcanic rock, followed by high-grade metamorphism in an environment of h igh f(O2 ) and silica undersaturation.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Approved IMA 1995 (Dana # Added)
Help on Locality: Locality: The Langban iron-manganese deposit, Langban, Filipstad district, Varmland, Sweden. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Named after Urban Hiarne (1641-1724), a pioneer in Swedish geology.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Hiarneite + Pronunciation Say HIARNEITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: IMA1996-040

Hiarneite Image

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Comments: A bright red single grain of hiarneite about 0.25mm in matrix with magnetoplumbite.
Location: Langban, Varmland, Sweden. Scale: Picture size 2 mm.
© Tom Loomis / Dakota Matrix

Hiarneite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:c = 1:0.66096
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 15.264, c = 10.089, Z = 8; V = 2,350.63 Den(Calc)= 5.18
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Tetragonal - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal H-M Symbol (4/m 2/m 2/m) Space Group: I 41/acd
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.92(1), 1.792(0.9), 1.534(0.8),

Physical Properties of Hiarneite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: None
Help on Color: Color: Bright red.
Help on Density: Density: 5.44
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Translucent
Help on Habit: Habit: Prismatic - Crystals Shaped like Slender Prisms (e.g. tourmaline).
Help on Habit: Habit: Subhedral Crystals - Occurs as crystals which tend to exhibit a recognizable crystal shape.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 7 - Quartz

Optical Properties of Hiarneite

Help on Gladstone-Dale: Gladstone-Dale: CI meas= 0.09 (Poor) - where the CI = (1-KPDmeas/KC)
CI calc= 0.044 (Good) - where the CI = (1-KPDcalc/KC)
KPDcalc= 0.2201,KPDmeas= 0.2096,KC= 0.2303
Ncalc = 2.19 - 2.25
Help on Optical Data: Optical Data: Uniaxial (+), w=2.12, e=2.16, bire=0.0400.
Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Weak.
Help on RL Color: RL Color: Colorless to gray.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Hiarneite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 460 nm   13.10   14.00 
 540 nm   12.80   13.50 
 580 nm   12.80   13.50 
 640 nm   12.80   13.40 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Hiarneite in Air
   0%   70% 100% 140% 210% 280% 350% 420% 490% 560% 630% 690%

Calculated Properties of Hiarneite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=4.76 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Hiarneite =5.18 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.03
Boson Index = 0.97
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEHiarneite = 98.73 barns/electron
U=PEHiarneite x rElectron Density= 470.15 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Hiarneite is Not Radioactive

Hiarneite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: (08)Multiple Oxides with Nb, Ta, and Ti
  (08.07)Dana Type
  (08.07.04)Dana Group Calzirtite CaZr3TiO9 P bca 2/m 2/m 2/m Hiarneite! (Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16 I 41/acd 4/m 2/m 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 04.DL.10 04 - OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodate
  04.D - Metal:Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
  04.DL -With large (� medium-sized) cations; fluorite-type structures
04.DL.10 Calzirtite CaZr3TiO9 P bca 2/m 2/m 2/m
04.DL.10 Hiarneite! (Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16 I 41/acd 4/m 2/m 2/m
04.DL.10 Tazheranite CaTiZr2O8 F m3m 4/m 3 2/m

Other Hiarneite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AmMin) PHYS. PROP.(Eur. J. Min.,Vol.9,p843-848,1997) OPTIC PROP.(MinRec v 29, p 471)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Hiarneite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - GeoScienceWorld
4 - Google Images
5 - Google Scholar
6 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
7 - MinDAT
8 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
9 - Online Mineral Museum
10 - QUT Mineral Atlas
11 - Ruff.Info

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Dana No: Strunz No: 04.DL.10





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