Mineralogy Database

Kanonaite Mineral Data

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General Kanonaite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: (Mn+++,Al)AlSiO5
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 183.01 gm
   Manganese  22.51 %  Mn   32.35 % Mn2O3
   Aluminum   18.43 %  Al   34.82 % Al2O3
   Silicon    15.35 %  Si   32.83 % SiO2
   Oxygen     43.71 %  O
             ______        ______ 
             100.00 %      100.00 % = TOTAL OXIDE
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Mn3+0.75Al1.25SiO5
Help on Environment: Environment: Formed under low-grade metamorphic conditions, in a gahnite schist. Forms a series with andalusite.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Approved IMA 1978
Help on Locality: Locality: From 13 km north of Kanona, Serenje, Zambia. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Named for the locality.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Kanonaite + Pronunciation Say KANONAITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 100748
  PDF 42-575

Kanonaite Image

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Comments: Dark greenish black microcrystal of kanonaite in matrix.
Location: Le Coreaux, near Salmchateau, Luxembourg, Belgium. Scale: See Photo.
© Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral Species

Kanonaite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:b:c =0.9894:1:0.699
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 7.953, b = 8.038, c = 5.619, Z = 4; V = 359.20 Den(Calc)= 3.38
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Orthorhombic - Dipyramidal H-M Symbol (2/m 2/m 2/m) Space Group: Pnnm
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 5.669(1), 2.827(0.94), 3.567(0.9),

Physical Properties of Kanonaite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {110} Indistinct
Help on Color: Color: Greenish black.
Help on Density: Density: 3.395
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Transparent to Subopaque
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 6.5 - Pyrite
Help on Luster: Luster: Vitreous (Glassy)
Help on Streak: Streak: gray green

Optical Properties of Kanonaite

Help on Gladstone-Dale: Gladstone-Dale: CI meas= 0.069 (Fair) - where the CI = (1-KPDmeas/KC)
CI calc= 0.065 (Fair) - where the CI = (1-KPDcalc/KC)
KPDcalc= 0.2224,KPDmeas= 0.2214,KC= 0.2377
Ncalc = 1.8 - 1.81
Help on Optical Data: Optical Data: Biaxial (+), a=1.702, b=1.73, g=1.823, bire=0.1210, 2V(Calc)=62, 2V(Meas)=75-90.

Calculated Properties of Kanonaite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=3.29 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Kanonaite =3.38 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.0073764797
Boson Index = 0.9926235203
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEKanonaite = 6.87 barns/electron
U=PEKanonaite x rElectron Density= 22.59 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Kanonaite is Not Radioactive

Kanonaite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 52.02.02b.02 (52)Nesosilicate Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O
  (52.02)with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
  (52.02.02b)AL2SIO5 Andalusite subgroup)
52.02.02b.01 Andalusite Al2SiO5=Al[6]Al[5]OSiO4 Pnnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
52.02.02b.02 Kanonaite (Mn,Al)AlSiO5 Pnnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
52.02.02b.03 Yoderite Mg2(Al,Fe)6Si4O18(OH)2 P 21 2
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 09.AF.10 09 - SILICATES (Germanates)
  09.A - Nesosilicates
  09.AF -Nesosilicates with additional anions;
09.AF.10 Andalusite Al2SiO5=Al[6]Al[5]OSiO4 Pnnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
09.AF.10 Kanonaite (Mn,Al)AlSiO5 Pnnm 2/m 2/m 2/m

Other Kanonaite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic2) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Kanonaite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info

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Dana No: 52.02.02b.02 Strunz No: 09.AF.10





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