Mineralogy Database

Liveingite Mineral Data

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General Liveingite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: Pb9As13S28
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 3,736.63 gm
   Arsenic  26.07 %  As
   Lead     49.91 %  Pb
   Sulfur   24.03 %  S
           ______ 
           100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Pb9As13S28
Help on Environment: Environment: Of hydrothermal origin.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1901
Help on Locality: Locality: Lengenbach quarry, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Named for Geroge D. Liveing (1827-1924), Professor of Chemistry, Cambridge University, Cambridge, England.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Liveingite + Pronunciation Say LIVEINGITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 14249
  PDF 31-678
  Rathite-II - Liveingite
 

Liveingite Image

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  Liveingite

Comments: Deep blue striated prismatic crystal of liveingite on a white dolomite matrix.
Location: Lengenbach quarry Binntal, Valais, Switzerland. Scale: Not Given.
© Lou Perloff / Photo Atlas of Minerals

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  Seligmannite   Liveingite

Comments: Black prismatic seligmannite crystals with crystalline black liveingite.
Location: Lengenbach Quarry, Binnental, Valais, Switzerland. Scale: See Photo.
© Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral Species

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  Liveingite

Comments: Strongly striated, metallic gray liveingite crystal on white dolomite.
Location: Lengenbach quarry, Binntal, Valais, Switzerland. Scale: Crystal size 3 mm.
© Walter Gabriel

Liveingite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:b:c =0.1187:1:0.1122
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 8.37, b = 70.49, c = 7.91, Z = 4; beta = 90.13° V = 4,666.90 Den(Calc)= 5.32
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Monoclinic - Sphenoidal H-M Symbol (2) Space Group: P 21
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.99(1), 2.093(0.9), 2.35(0.9),3.423(0.9), 4.11(0.9), 1.917(0.8), 1.931(0.8),
 

Physical Properties of Liveingite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: None
Help on Color: Color: Lead gray.
Help on Density: Density: 5.3
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 3 - Calcite
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Streak: Streak: dark brown
 

Optical Properties of Liveingite

Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Distinct.
Help on RL Color: RL Color: Lead gray with deep red internal reflections.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Liveingite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   40.00   43.00 
   
 420 nm   39.30   42.60 
 440 nm   38.60   42.20 
 460 nm   38.00   41.80 
 480 nm   37.40   41.50 
 500 nm   36.90   41.20 
 520 nm   36.30   40.70 
 540 nm   35.60   40.10 
 560 nm   34.90   39.30 
 580 nm   34.20   38.50 
 600 nm   33.60   37.60 
 620 nm   32.80   36.70 
 640 nm   32.10   35.80 
 660 nm   31.30   34.80 
 680 nm   30.60   34.00 
 700 nm   30.00   33.40 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Liveingite in Air
Relative
Intensity
   0%   30%   60%   90% 100% 120% 150% 180% 210% 240% 270%
R1                      
R2                      
 

Calculated Properties of Liveingite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=4.60 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Liveingite =5.32 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.11
Boson Index = 0.89
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PELiveingite = 907.19 barns/electron
U=PELiveingite x rElectron Density=4,171.90 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Liveingite is Not Radioactive
 

Liveingite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 03.06.17.01 (03)Sulfides - Sulfosalts
  (03.06)where 2 < z/y < 2.49 - (A+)i (A++)j [By Cz], A=metals, B=semi-metals, C=non-metals
  (03.06.17)Dana Group
 
03.06.17.01 Liveingite Pb9As13S28 P 21 2
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.HC.05c 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.H - Sulfosalts of SnS Archetype
  02.HC -With only Pb
 
02.HC.05c Liveingite Pb9As13S28 P 21 2
 

Other Liveingite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic1) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Liveingite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info

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Print or Cut-and-Paste your Liveingite Specimen Label here :

Liveingite

Pb9As13S28
Dana No: 03.06.17.01 Strunz No: 02.HC.05c
Locality:

 

Notes:

 

 
   
 


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