Mineralogy Database

Livingstonite Mineral Data

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General Livingstonite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: HgSb4S8
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 944.12 gm
   Mercury   21.25 %  Hg
   Antimony  51.58 %  Sb
   Sulfur    27.17 %  S
            100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: HgSb4S8
Help on Environment: Environment: In low-temperature hydrothermal veins.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA)
Help on Locality: Locality: Huitzuco de los Figueroa (Huitzuco), Mun. de Huitzuco, Guerrero, Mexico. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Named after the Scottish explorer and missionary, David Livingstone (1813-1873).
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Livingstonite + Pronunciation Say LIVINGSTONITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 60144
  PDF 36-416

Livingstonite Image

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Comments: Dark brown, acicular-columnar crystals of livingstonite in anhydrite.
Location: Guerrero, Mexico. Scale: 2x3 cm.
© Dave Barthelmy

Livingstonite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:b:c =7.6005:1:5.4271
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 30.25, b = 3.98, c = 21.6, Z = 8; beta = 104.167° V = 2,521.44 Den(Calc)= 4.97
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Monoclinic - Prismatic H-M Symbol (2/m) Space Group: A2/a
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.99(1), 3.47(0.7), 3.73(0.7),

Physical Properties of Livingstonite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {010} Perfect, {100} Perfect
Help on Color: Color: Steel gray, Lead gray.
Help on Density: Density: 4.81 - 4.9, Average = 4.85
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque to subtranslucent
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Uneven - Flat surfaces (not cleavage) fractured in an uneven pattern.
Help on Habit: Habit: Columnar - Forms columns
Help on Habit: Habit: Fibrous - Crystals made up of fibers.
Help on Habit: Habit: Radial - Crystals radiate from a center without producing stellar forms (e.g. stibnite)
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 2 - Gypsum
Help on Luster: Luster: Sub Metallic
Help on Streak: Streak: red

Optical Properties of Livingstonite

Help on Optical Data: Optical Data: Biaxial (-), b=2.72-2.8
Help on Pleochroism (y): Pleochroism (y): red.
Help on RL Color: RL Color: White with deep red internal reflections.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Livingstonite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   33.20   42.20 
 420 nm   33.00   42.60 
 440 nm   32.80   43.00 
 460 nm   32.40   43.10 
 480 nm   31.90   43.00 
 500 nm   31.40   42.40 
 520 nm   30.80   41.50 
 540 nm   30.40   40.50 
 560 nm   30.10   39.70 
 580 nm   29.70   39.00 
 600 nm   29.50   38.40 
 620 nm   29.20   37.70 
 640 nm   28.80   37.00 
 660 nm   28.40   36.10 
 680 nm   27.80   35.10 
 700 nm   27.20   34.20 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Livingstonite in Air
   0%   40%   80% 100% 120% 160% 200% 240% 280% 300%

Calculated Properties of Livingstonite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=4.34 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Livingstonite =4.97 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.06
Boson Index = 0.94
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PELivingstonite = 519.98 barns/electron
U=PELivingstonite x rElectron Density=2,255.52 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Livingstonite is Not Radioactive

Livingstonite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: (03)Sulfides - Sulfosalts
  (03.07)where z/y = 2 - (A+)i (A++)j [By Cz], A=metals, B=semi-metals, C=non-metals
  (03.07.11)Dana Group Livingstonite HgSb4S8 A2/a 2/m Grumiplucite! HgBi2S4 C 2/m 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.HA.15 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.H - Sulfosalts of SnS Archetype
  02.HA -With Cu, Ag, Fe (without Pb)
02.HA.15 Livingstonite HgSb4S8 A2/a 2/m

Other Livingstonite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( Duda&Rejl90) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Livingstonite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info

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Dana No: Strunz No: 02.HA.15





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