Mineralogy Database

Renierite Mineral Data

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General Renierite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: (Cu,Zn)11(Ge,As)2Fe4S16
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 1,655.51 gm
   Zinc       21.72 %  Zn
   Iron       13.49 %  Fe
   Copper     24.95 %  Cu
   Germanium   6.58 %  Ge
   Arsenic     2.26 %  As
   Sulfur     30.99 %  S
             100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Cu6.5Zn5.5Ge1.5As0.5Fe2+4S16
Help on Environment: Environment: In a few dolomite-hosted Cu-Pb-Zn deposits and in hydrothermal polymetallic deposits.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1948
Help on Locality: Locality: Prince Leopold mine, Kipushi, Katanga (Shaba), Congo (Zaire). Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Named after Armand Renier, Belgian geologist adn Director of the Belgian Geological Survey.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Renierite + Pronunciation Say RENIERITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 203093
  Orange bornite
  PDF 41-591

Renierite Image

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Comments: Dull dark orange tarnished renierite with brassy chalcopyrite.
Location: Prince Leopold Mine, Kipushi, Shaba, Zaire. Scale: See Photo.
© Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral Species

Renierite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:c = 1:0.99322
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 10.6226, c = 10.5506, Z = 2; V = 1,190.53 Den(Calc)= 4.62
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Tetragonal - Scalenohedral H-M Symbol (4 2m) Space Group: P 42c-
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 3.06(1), 1.87(0.8), 1.595(0.6),

Physical Properties of Renierite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: None
Help on Color: Color: Bronze yellow, Pinkish brown.
Help on Density: Density: 4.38
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Uneven - Flat surfaces (not cleavage) fractured in an uneven pattern.
Help on Habit: Habit: Disseminated - Occurs in small, distinct particles dispersed in matrix.
Help on Habit: Habit: Massive - Granular - Common texture observed in granite and other igneous rock.
Help on Habit: Habit: Twinning Common - Crystals are usually twinned.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 4-5 - Fluorite-Apatite
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Magnetic
Help on Streak: Streak: blackish gray

Optical Properties of Renierite

Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Strong, yellow to reddish orange.
Help on RL Color: RL Color: Orange brown.
Help on RL Pleochroism: RL Pleochroism: Orange to brown or bronze with a violet tint.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Renierite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   19.30   20.20 
 420 nm   18.80   19.50 
 440 nm   18.30   18.80 
 460 nm   18.30   18.30 
 480 nm   18.90   19.50 
 500 nm   20.20   21.40 
 520 nm   22.20   23.50 
 540 nm   24.30   25.70 
 560 nm   26.20   27.80 
 580 nm   28.00   29.60 
 600 nm   29.50   31.20 
 620 nm   30.80   32.50 
 640 nm   31.80   33.60 
 660 nm   32.80   34.50 
 680 nm   33.70   35.20 
 700 nm   34.40   36.00 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Renierite in Air
   0%   50% 100% 150% 200% 250% 300% 350% 400% 450% 470%

Calculated Properties of Renierite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=4.34 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Renierite =4.62 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.01
Boson Index = 0.99
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PERenierite = 33.68 barns/electron
U=PERenierite x rElectron Density= 146.25 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Renierite is Not Radioactive

Renierite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: (02)Sulfides - Including Selenides and Tellurides
  (02.09)where Am Bn Xp, with (m+n):p=1:1
  (02.09.04)Germanite Group Renierite (Cu,Zn)11(Ge,As)2Fe4S16 P 42c- 4 2m Germanite Cu26Fe4Ge4S32 P 43n 4 3m Maikainite! Cu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32 P 43n 4 3m Ovamboite! Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32 P 43n 4 3m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.CB.35a 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.C - Metal Sulfides, M:S = 1:1 (and similar)
  02.CB -With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, Au, etc
02.CB.35a Hemusite Cu6SnMoS8 Unk Cubic
02.CB.35a Kiddcreekite Cu6SnWS8 Unk Cubic
02.CB.35a Renierite (Cu,Zn)11(Ge,As)2Fe4S16 P 42c- 4 2m
02.CB.35a Polkovicite (Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
02.CB.35a Morozeviczite (Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
02.CB.35a Catamarcaite! Cu6GeWS8 P 63mc 6/m 2/m 2/m
02.CB.35a Vinciennite Cu10Fe4Sn(As,Sb)S16 P 4122 4 2 2

Other Renierite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic1) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Renierite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info

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Dana No: Strunz No: 02.CB.35a





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