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Schorl Mineral Data

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General Schorl Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: NaFe++3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 1,053.38 gm
   Sodium     2.18 %  Na    2.94 % Na2O
   Aluminum  15.37 %  Al   29.04 % Al2O3
   Iron      15.91 %  Fe   20.46 % FeO
   Silicon   16.00 %  Si   34.22 % SiO2
   Boron      3.08 %  B     9.91 % B2O3
   Hydrogen   0.38 %  H     3.42 % H2O
   Oxygen    47.08 %  O
            ______        ______ 
            100.00 %      100.00 % = TOTAL OXIDE
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: NaFe2+3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4
Help on Environment: Environment: Granites, diorites, gabbro pegmatites, greisens, skarns and quartz veins.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1524 (Dana # Changed from 61.3.1.10)
Help on Locality: Locality: Sonnenberg, Bodenmais and Spessart, Germany. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Old name of unknown origin.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Schorl Say SCHORL
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 74180
  PDF 43-1464
  Tourmaline
 

Schorl Image

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  Schorl   Albite

Comments: Several jet-black lustrous crystals of schorl perched on a white albite matrix.
Location: Shengus, Gilgit, Pakistan. Scale: 4 x 3 x 2 cm.
© Isaias Casanova / IC Minerals

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  Schorl

Comments: Parallel grouping of sharp, black schorl crystals showing terminations.
Location: Davib Ost, Erongo Mountains Namibia. Scale: Crystal size: 1.7 x 1.4 cm.
© Fabre Minerals

Schorl Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:c = 1:0.44996
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 15.99, c = 7.195, Z = 3; V = 1,593.16 Den(Calc)= 3.29
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Trigonal - Ditrigonal Pyramidal H-M Symbol (3m) Space Group: R 3m
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.576(1), 2.961(0.85), 3.99(0.85),
Help on Forms: Forms:

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Help on Above

Forms: ( 0 2 1) ( 1 0 1) ( 1 2 0) ( 1 0 0) ( 1 0 1) ( 0 2 1)

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Physical Properties of Schorl

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {1011} Indistinct
Help on Color: Color: Black, Brownish black, Greenish black, Bluish black.
Help on Density: Density: 3.1 - 3.2, Average = 3.15
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Brittle - Conchoidal - Very brittle fracture producing small, conchoidal fragments.
Help on Habit: Habit: Acicular - Occurs as needle-like crystals.
Help on Habit: Habit: Prismatic - Crystals Shaped like Slender Prisms (e.g. tourmaline).
Help on Habit: Habit: Striated - Parallel lines on crystal surface or cleavage face.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 7.5 - Garnet
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Piezoelectric.
Help on Luster: Luster: Vitreous (Glassy)
Help on Streak: Streak: brown
 

Optical Properties of Schorl

Help on Dichroism (e): Dichroism (e): light brown, buff, or light gray.
Help on Dichroism (w): Dichroism (w): dark brown, black, or deep gray.
Help on Gladstone-Dale: Gladstone-Dale: CI meas= 0.007 (Superior) - where the CI = (1-KPDmeas/KC)
CI calc= 0.05 (Good) - where the CI = (1-KPDcalc/KC)
KPDcalc= 0.1979,KPDmeas= 0.2067,KC= 0.2083
Ncalc = 1.65 - 1.69
Help on Optical Data: Optical Data: Uniaxial (-), e=1.633-1.64, w=1.66-1.672, bire=0.0270-0.0320.
 

Calculated Properties of Schorl

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=3.10 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Schorl =3.15 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.01
Boson Index = 0.99
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PESchorl = 5.85 barns/electron
U=PESchorl x rElectron Density= 18.11 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Schorl is Not Radioactive
 

Schorl Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 61.03e.01.10 (61)Cyclosilicate Six-Membered Rings
  (61.03e)with borate groups (Sodic Tourmaline Subgroup)
  (61.03e.01)Schorl Subgroup
 
61.03e.01.09 Dravite! NaMg3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
61.03e.01.10 Schorl! NaFe3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
61.03e.01.10a Schorl-(F)! NaFe3Al6Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH) R 3m 3m
 
61.03e.01.11 Chromdravite! NaMg3(Cr,Fe)6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
61.03e.01.12 Vanadiumdravite! NaMg3V6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)4 R 3m 3m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 09.CK.05 09 - SILICATES (Germanates)
  09.C - Cyclosilicates
  09.CK -[Si6O18]12- 6-membered single rings, with insular complex anions
 
09.CK.05 Chromdravite! NaMg3(Cr,Fe)6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Feruvite! (Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Ti)3(Al,Mg,Fe)6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Dravite NaMg3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Buergerite! NaFe3Al6(BO3)3Si6O21F R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Foitite! []Na<0.5(Fe,Al)3Al6Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Liddicoatite! Ca(Li,Al)3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(O,OH,F)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Elbaite Na(Li,Al)3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Rossmanite! []LiAl2Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Olenite! NaAl3Al6(BO3)3(Si6O18)(O,OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Povondraite! (Na,K)(Fe,Fe)3(Fe,Mg,Al)6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Schorl NaFe3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Uvite (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe)3Al5Mg(BO3)3Si6O18(OH,F)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Vanadiumdravite! NaMg3V6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Magnesiofoitite! [](Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)4 R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Hydroxyuvite! CaMg3(Al5Mg)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH) R 3m 3m
 
09.CK.05 Schorl-(F)! NaFe3Al6Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH) R 3m 3m
 

Other Schorl Information

Help on References: References: NAME( Duda&Rejl90) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(Heinrich65)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Schorl :
1 - Alkali-Nuts(English)
2 - Alkali-Nuts(Francais)
3 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
4 - Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery
5 - Athena
6 - CalTech Mineral Spectroscopy
7 - EUROmin Project
8 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
9 - Franklin Minerals(Dunn)
10 - GeoScienceWorld
11 - Google Images
12 - Google Scholar
13 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
14 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
15 - MinDAT
16 - Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom
17 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
18 - Online Mineral Museum
19 - QUT Mineral Atlas
20 - Ruff.Info
21 - Scandinavian mineral gallery
22 - WWW-MINCRYST
23 - YupRocks

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Print or Cut-and-Paste your Schorl Specimen Label here :

Schorl

NaFe++3Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)4
Dana No: 61.03e.01.10 Strunz No: 09.CK.05
Locality:

 

Notes:

 

 
   
 


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