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Stephanite Mineral Data

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General Stephanite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: Ag5SbS4
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 789.36 gm
   Silver    68.33 %  Ag
   Antimony  15.42 %  Sb
   Sulfur    16.25 %  S
            ______ 
            100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Ag5SbS4
Help on Environment: Environment: A late-stage mineral in hydrothermal silver deposits.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1845
Help on Locality: Locality: Freiberg, Sachsen (Saxony), Germany. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Named after Archduke Victor Stephan (1817-1867). Former Austrian Mining Director and engineer,
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Stephanite + Pronunciation Say STEPHANITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: Brittle Silver Ore
  ICSD 16987
  PDF 11-108
 

Stephanite Image

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  Stephanite

Comments: Group of steel gray lustrous stephanite crystals to 8 mm in diameter. Caleb Simkoff Collection.
Location: Freiberg, Saxony, Germany. Scale: 10 x 12 x 23 mm.
© Dan Weinrich

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  Silver   Stephanite

Comments: Thick, ropy, native silver wires with blocky, well-crystallized stephanite on white and tan calcite matrix.
Location: Freiberg, Erzgebirge, Saxony, Alemania, Germay. Scale: Picture size 3 cm.
© Fabre Minerals

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  Stephanite

Comments: Dark gray, short, tabular grain of stephanite in quartz.
Location: The Zaca mine, Alpine Co., California, USA. Scale: Grain size 0.75mm.
© Tom Loomis / Dakota Matrix

Stephanite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:b:c =0.6338:1:0.6918
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 7.793, b = 12.295, c = 8.506, Z = 4; V = 815.00 Den(Calc)= 6.43
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Orthorhombic - Pyramidal H-M Symbol (mm2) Space Group: C mc21
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 3.08(1), 2.58(0.9), 2.89(0.6),
Help on Forms: Forms:

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Help on Above

Forms: ( 0 1 0) ( 0 2 1) ( 1 1 0) ( 1 1 1) ( 0 0 1)

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Physical Properties of Stephanite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {010} Imperfect, {021} Poor
Help on Color: Color: Lead gray, Black.
Help on Density: Density: 6.2 - 6.3, Average = 6.25
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Sub Conchoidal - Fractures developed in brittle materials characterized by semi-curving surfaces.
Help on Habit: Habit: Massive - Uniformly indistinguishable crystals forming large masses.
Help on Habit: Habit: Pseudo Hexagonal - Crystals show a hexagonal outline.
Help on Habit: Habit: Tabular - Form dimensions are thin in one direction.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 2-2.5 - Gypsum-Finger Nail
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Help on Streak: Streak: black
 

Optical Properties of Stephanite

Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Strong, in vivid colors.
Help on RL Color: RL Color: White-gray.
Help on RL Pleochroism: RL Pleochroism: Very weak, white to pink-white.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Stephanite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   31.00   31.80 
   
 420 nm   30.80   31.60 
 440 nm   30.60   31.40 
 460 nm   30.20   31.10 
 480 nm   29.70   30.80 
 500 nm   29.00   30.30 
 520 nm   28.20   29.70 
 540 nm   27.60   29.00 
 560 nm   27.00   28.50 
 580 nm   26.50   28.10 
 600 nm   26.20   28.00 
 620 nm   26.10   27.90 
 640 nm   26.00   27.80 
 660 nm   26.00   27.60 
 680 nm   26.20   27.40 
 700 nm   26.60   27.00 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Stephanite in Air
Relative
Intensity
   0%   40%   80% 100% 120% 160% 200% 240% 280% 320% 330%
R1                      
R2                      
 

Calculated Properties of Stephanite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=5.70 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Stephanite =6.43 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.0012186912
Boson Index = 0.9987813088
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEStephanite = 227.71 barns/electron
U=PEStephanite x rElectron Density=1,298.42 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Stephanite is Not Radioactive
 

Stephanite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 03.02.04.01 (03)Sulfides - Sulfosalts
  (03.02)where z/y = 4 - (A+)i (A++)j [By Cz], A=metals, B=semi-metals, C=non-metals
  (03.02.04)Stephanite Series
 
03.02.04.01 Stephanite Ag5SbS4 C mc21 mm2
 
03.02.04.02 Selenostephanite Ag5Sb(Se,S)4 P 212121 2 2 2
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.GB.10 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.G - Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
  02.GB -Neso-sulfarsenites, etc
 
02.GB.10 Selenostephanite Ag5Sb(Se,S)4 P 212121 2 2 2
 
02.GB.10 Stephanite Ag5SbS4 C mc21 mm2
 

Other Stephanite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic1) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Stephanite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery
3 - Athena
4 - EUROmin Project
5 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
6 - GeoScienceWorld
7 - Google Images
8 - Google Scholar
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
10 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
11 - HyperPhysics
12 - MinDAT
13 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
14 - Online Mineral Museum
15 - QUT Mineral Atlas
16 - Ruff.Info
17 - WWW-MINCRYST

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Print or Cut-and-Paste your Stephanite Specimen Label here :

Stephanite

Ag5SbS4
Dana No: 03.02.04.01 Strunz No: 02.GB.10
Locality:

 

Notes:

 

 
   
 


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