Mineralogy Database

Tin Mineral Data

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General Tin Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: Sn
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 118.71 gm
   Tin 100.00 %  Sn
       100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Sn
Help on Environment: Environment: In placer sands(Oban, Australia) and in calcite as discrete grains (Beaverlodge, Canada).
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) Prehistoric
Help on Locality: Locality: Original locality lost in antiquity. Isolated localites world wide. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: A word of Old English origin, related to the Dutch tin and the German zinn.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Tin Say TIN
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 40037
  PDF 4-673

Tin Image

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Comments: Stream rounded silvery metallic tin grains.
Location: Near Oban, New South Wales, Australia. Scale: See Photo.
© Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral Species

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  Sorosite   Tin   Stistaite

Comments: Back-scattered electron image of large sorosite crystal (So=partly skeletal) adjacent to stistaite (St). Tn=native tin. Note abundant microcrystals of sorosite isolated within native tin. (AmMin 83:903).
Location: Baimka gold-platinum group mineral placer deposit, Chukotka, Russian Far East. Scale: Image Size 1.5 cm.
© American Mineralogist

Tin Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:c = 1:0.5457
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 5.831, c = 3.182, Z = 4; V = 108.19 Den(Calc)= 7.29
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Tetragonal - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal H-M Symbol (4/m 2/m 2/m) Space Group: I 41/amd
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.915(1), 2.793(0.9), 2.017(0.74),2.062(0.34), 1.484(0.23), 1.205(0.2), 1.442(0.2),

Physical Properties of Tin

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {???} Indistinct
Help on Color: Color: Grayish white, Tin white.
Help on Density: Density: 7.31
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Malleable - Deforms rather than breaking apart with a hammer.
Help on Habit: Habit: Granular - Generally occurs as anhedral to subhedral crystals in matrix.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 2 - Gypsum
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Help on Streak: Streak: gray white

Optical Properties of Tin

Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Moderate.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Tin in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   76.30   72.70 
 420 nm   79.40   74.20 
 440 nm   81.90   75.80 
 460 nm   84.00   77.60 
 480 nm   85.50   79.20 
 500 nm   86.70   80.50 
 520 nm   87.50   81.40 
 540 nm   88.10   81.90 
 560 nm   88.20   82.00 
 580 nm   88.00   81.90 
 600 nm   87.70   81.50 
 620 nm   87.20   81.10 
 640 nm   86.70   80.70 
 660 nm   86.30   80.40 
 680 nm   85.80   80.10 
 700 nm   85.40   79.80 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Tin in Air
   0%   20%   40%   60%   80% 100% 120%

Calculated Properties of Tin

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=6.14 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Tin =7.29 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.16
Boson Index = 0.84
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PETin = 326.76 barns/electron
U=PETin x rElectron Density=2,006.65 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Tin is Not Radioactive

Tin Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: (01)Native Elements
  (01.01)with metallic elements other than the platinum group
  (01.01.13)Dana Group Tin Sn I 41/amd 4/m 2/m 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 01.AC.10 01 - ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
  01.A - Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
  01.AC -Indium-tin family
01.AC.10 Tin Sn I 41/amd 4/m 2/m 2/m

Other Tin Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic1) PHYS. PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Tin :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery
3 - Athena
4 - GeoScienceWorld
5 - Google Images
6 - Google Scholar
7 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
9 - MinDAT
10 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
11 - Online Mineral Museum
12 - QUT Mineral Atlas
13 - Ruff.Info

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Dana No: Strunz No: 01.AC.10





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