Mineralogy Database

Violarite Mineral Data

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General Violarite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: Fe++Ni+++2S4
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 301.49 gm
   Iron    18.52 %  Fe
   Nickel  38.93 %  Ni
   Sulfur  42.54 %  S
          ______ 
          100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Fe2+Ni2S4
Help on Environment: Environment: Of hydrothermal origin with other sufides.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1924
Help on Locality: Locality: Vermilion mine, Denison township, Sudbury district, Ontario, Canada. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: From the Latin for "purple", its color in a polished section.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Violarite + Pronunciation Say VIOLARITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 42590
  PDF 42-1449
 

Violarite Image

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  Violarite

Comments: Bronze massive violarite, tarnished, with gray colored rock.
Location: Marbridge Mines ltd., Abitibi District, Quebec, Canada. Scale: See Photo.
© Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral Species

Violarite Crystallography

Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 9.445, Z = 8; V = 842.57 Den(Calc)= 4.75
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Isometric - Hexoctahedral H-M Symbol (4/m 3 2/m) Space Group: F d3m
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 2.85(1), 1.674(0.8), 1.82(0.6),
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Forms: ( 1 1 0) ( 1 1 1)

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Physical Properties of Violarite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {001} Perfect, {001} Perfect, {001} Perfect
Help on Color: Color: Violet gray, Copper red, Light gray, Steel gray.
Help on Density: Density: 4.5 - 4.8, Average = 4.65
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Brittle - Generally displayed by glasses and most non-metallic minerals.
Help on Habit: Habit: Nodular - Tuberose forms having irregular protuberances over the surface.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 4.5-5.5 - Near Apatite
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
 

Optical Properties of Violarite

Help on RL Color: RL Color: Violet, distinct.
Help on RL Pleochroism: RL Pleochroism: None.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Violarite in Air
λ R  ∑ R(λ) 
 400 nm   39.00   
 420 nm   39.60 
 440 nm   40.20 
 460 nm   40.60 
 480 nm   41.00 
 500 nm   41.40 
 520 nm   41.90 
 540 nm   42.50 
 560 nm   43.10 
 580 nm   43.80 
 600 nm   44.30 
 620 nm   44.80 
 640 nm   45.40 
 660 nm   45.80 
 680 nm   46.20 
 700 nm   46.60 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Violarite in Air
Relative
Intensity
   0%   30%   60%   90% 100% 120% 150% 180% 210% 220%
R                    
 

Calculated Properties of Violarite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=4.60 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Violarite =4.75 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.01
Boson Index = 0.99
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEViolarite = 23.44 barns/electron
U=PEViolarite x rElectron Density= 107.83 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Violarite is Not Radioactive
 

Violarite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 02.10.01.08 (02)Sulfides - Including Selenides and Tellurides
  (02.10)where Am Bn Xp, with (m+n):p=3:4
  (02.10.01)Linnaeite Group (Isometric: Fd3m)
 
02.10.01.01 Linnaeite CoCo2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.02 Carrollite Cu(Co,Ni)2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.03 Fletcherite Cu(Ni,Co)2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.04 Tyrrellite (Cu,Co,Ni)3Se4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.05 Bornhardtite CoCo2Se4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.06 Siegenite (Ni,Co)3S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.07 Polydymite NiNi2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.08 Violarite FeNi2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.09 Trustedtite Ni3Se4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.10 Greigite FeFe2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.11 Daubreelite FeCr2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.12 Indite FeIn2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.13 Kalininite ZnCr2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.14 Florensovite Cu(Cr1.5Sb0.5)S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.15 Cuproiridsite CuIr2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.16 Cuprorhodsite CuRh2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.17 Malanite Cu(Pt,Ir)2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.18 Ferrorhodsite (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.10.01.19 Cadmoindite! CdIn2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.DA.05 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.D - Metal Sulfides, M:S = 3:4 and 2:3
  02.DA -M:S = 3:4
 
02.DA.05 Bornhardtite CoCo2Se4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Florensovite Cu(Cr1.5Sb0.5)S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Carrollite Cu(Co,Ni)2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Fletcherite Cu(Ni,Co)2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Cuproiridsite CuIr2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Cuprorhodsite CuRh2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Dayingite* CuCoPtS4 F m3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Daubreelite FeCr2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Ferrorhodsite (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Greigite FeFe2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Indite FeIn2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Linnaeite CoCo2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Kalininite ZnCr2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Malanite Cu(Pt,Ir)2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Polydymite NiNi2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Violarite FeNi2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Tyrrellite (Cu,Co,Ni)3Se4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Siegenite (Ni,Co)3S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Xingzhongite (Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Trustedtite Ni3Se4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 
02.DA.05 Cadmoindite! CdIn2S4 F d3m 4/m 3 2/m
 

Other Violarite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic1) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Violarite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info
15 - Scandinavian mineral gallery
16 - WWW-MINCRYST

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Print or Cut-and-Paste your Violarite Specimen Label here :

Violarite

Fe++Ni+++2S4
Dana No: 02.10.01.08 Strunz No: 02.DA.05
Locality:

 

Notes:

 

 
   
 


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