Mineralogy Database

Sulvanite Mineral Data

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General Sulvanite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: Cu3VS4
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 369.84 gm
   Vanadium  13.77 %  V
   Copper    51.55 %  Cu
   Sulfur    34.68 %  S
            100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Cu3V2+S4
Help on Environment: Environment: In hydrothermal copper deposits which contain vanadium, as a primary sulfide. Forms a series with arsenosulvanite.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1900
Help on Locality: Locality: Burra, South Australia. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: Named after sulfur (sul) and vanadium (van) in the chemical formula.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Sulvanite + Pronunciation Say SULVANITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: ICSD 15490
  PDF 11-104

Sulvanite Image

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Comments: Cubic grains of bronze-gray sulvanite crystals in marble.
Location: Val Bona quarry, Carrara, Italy. Scale: Picture size 1 cm.
© Dave Barthelmy

Sulvanite Crystallography

Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 5.3912, Z = 1; V = 156.70 Den(Calc)= 3.92
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Isometric - Hextetrahedral H-M Symbol (4 3m) Space Group: P 43m
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 5.4(1), 1.91(0.9), 3.12(0.5),
Help on Forms: Forms:

Dbl Clk - Start-Stop Rotation
RMB - Cycle Display Modes
Drag1 - Manipulate Crystal
Drag2 - Resize

S - Stereo
I - Indicies
<space> - Start-Stop Rotation
F - Fit to Screen
M - Menu

Help on Above

Forms: ( 1 0 0) ( 0 1 0) ( 1 1 1)

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Physical Properties of Sulvanite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {???} Perfect
Help on Color: Color: Bronze, Steel gray.
Help on Density: Density: 4
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Habit: Habit: Crystalline - Coarse - Occurs as well-formed coarse sized crystals.
Help on Habit: Habit: Massive - Uniformly indistinguishable crystals forming large masses.
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 3.5 - Copper Penny
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Help on Streak: Streak: black

Optical Properties of Sulvanite

Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Sometimes weak.
Help on RL Color: RL Color: Yellow white.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Sulvanite in Air
λ R  ∑ R(λ) 
 400 nm   30.80   
 420 nm   28.50 
 440 nm   26.20 
 460 nm   25.90 
 480 nm   27.60 
 500 nm   30.50 
 520 nm   32.10 
 540 nm   31.00 
 560 nm   30.20 
 580 nm   31.00 
 600 nm   31.40 
 620 nm   33.50 
 640 nm   34.60 
 660 nm   33.40 
 680 nm   32.00 
 700 nm   30.60 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Sulvanite in Air
   0%   40%   80% 100% 120% 160% 200% 240% 280% 320%

Calculated Properties of Sulvanite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=3.69 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Sulvanite =3.92 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.0029453911
Boson Index = 0.9970546089
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PESulvanite = 27.62 barns/electron
U=PESulvanite x rElectron Density= 101.86 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Sulvanite is Not Radioactive

Sulvanite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: (03)Sulfides - Sulfosalts
  (03.02)where z/y = 4 - (A+)i (A++)j [By Cz], A=metals, B=semi-metals, C=non-metals
  (03.02.03)Dana Group Sulvanite Cu3VS4 P 43m 4 3m Arsenosulvanite? Cu3(As,V)S4 P 43m 4 3m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.CB.70 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.C - Metal Sulfides, M:S = 1:1 (and similar)
  02.CB -With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, Au, etc
02.CB.70 Sulvanite Cu3VS4 P 43m 4 3m

Other Sulvanite Information

Help on References: References: PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Sulvanite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - GeoScienceWorld
6 - Google Images
7 - Google Scholar
8 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
10 - MinDAT
11 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
12 - Online Mineral Museum
13 - QUT Mineral Atlas
14 - Ruff.Info

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Dana No: Strunz No: 02.CB.70





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