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Chalcophanite Mineral Data

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General Chalcophanite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: (Zn,Fe++,Mn++)Mn++++3O7•3(H2O)
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 459.22 gm
   Manganese  40.68 %  Mn    6.18 % MnO / 56.79 % MnO2
   Zinc       17.09 %  Zn   21.27 % ZnO
   Iron        6.08 %  Fe    7.82 % FeO
   Hydrogen    1.32 %  H    11.77 % H2O
   Oxygen     34.84 %  O
             ______        ______ 
             100.00 %      103.83 % = TOTAL OXIDE
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Zn1.2Fe2+0.5Mn2+0.4Mn4+3O7•3(H2O)
Help on Environment: Environment: Common component of the weathered zone above Zn-Mn base metal deposits.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1875
Help on Locality: Locality: Sterling Hill, near Ogdensburg, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: From the Greek for "copper" and "to appear," for the mineral's change in color on ignition.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Chalcophanite Say CHALCOPHANITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: Hydrofranklinite
  ICSD 202700
  PDF 15-807
 

Chalcophanite Image

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  Chalcophanite

Comments: Large mass of rounded gray-black chalcophanite.
Location: Sterling Mine, Sterling Hill, Ogdensburg, Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA. Scale: 14x11x7 cm.
© John Betts - Fine Minerals

Chalcophanite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:c = 1:2.76038
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 7.533, c = 20.794, Z = 5; V = 1,021.89 Den(Calc)= 3.73
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Trigonal - Rhombohedral H-M Symbol ( 3) Space Group: R 3
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 6.96(1), 3.5(0.6), 4.08(0.5),
Help on Forms: Forms:

Mouse
Dbl Clk - Start-Stop Rotation
RMB - Cycle Display Modes
Drag1 - Manipulate Crystal
Drag2 - Resize

Keyboard
S - Stereo
I - Indicies
<space> - Start-Stop Rotation
F - Fit to Screen
M - Menu

Help on Above

Forms: ( 1 0 1) ( 0 0 1)

Warning: this java applet does not work in some browsers because of security restrictions.

 

Physical Properties of Chalcophanite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {???} Perfect
Help on Color: Color: Blue, Bluish black, Black.
Help on Density: Density: 3.91
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Flexible - Flexible fragments.
Help on Habit: Habit: Foliated - Two dimensional platy forms.
Help on Habit: Habit: Stalactitic - Shaped like pendant columns as stalactites or stalagmites (e.g. calcite).
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 2.5 - Finger Nail
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Help on Streak: Streak: brown
 

Optical Properties of Chalcophanite

Help on Dichroism (e): Dichroism (e): deep red.
Help on Dichroism (w): Dichroism (w): opaque black.
Help on Gladstone-Dale: Gladstone-Dale: CI meas= -0.361 (Poor) - where the CI = (1-KPDmeas/KC)
CI calc= -0.426 (Poor) - where the CI = (1-KPDcalc/KC)
KPDcalc= 0.4625,KPDmeas= 0.4412,KC= 0.3243
Ncalc = 2.21 - 2.27
Help on Optical Data: Optical Data: Uniaxial (-), e=2.72, w=2.73, bire=0.0100.
Help on RL Anisotrophism: RL Anisotrophism: Very strong.
Help on RL Color: RL Color: White with deep red internal reflections.
Help on RL Pleochroism: RL Pleochroism: Very strong, in gray and white.
Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Chalcophanite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   11.40   38.00 
   
 420 nm   11.00   36.60 
 440 nm   10.60   35.20 
 460 nm   10.30   33.80 
 480 nm   10.00   32.20 
 500 nm    9.80   30.70 
 520 nm    9.80   29.20 
 540 nm    9.70   28.00 
 560 nm    9.50   26.90 
 580 nm    9.30   26.20 
 600 nm    9.30   25.80 
 620 nm    9.20   25.40 
 640 nm    9.20   24.80 
 660 nm    9.00   24.40 
 680 nm    8.90   24.00 
 700 nm    8.90   23.80 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Chalcophanite in Air
Relative
Intensity
   0% 100% 200% 300% 400% 500% 600% 700% 800% 900% 940%
R1                      
R2                      
 

Calculated Properties of Chalcophanite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=3.75 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Chalcophanite =3.91 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.0084640243
Boson Index = 0.9915359757
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEChalcophanite = 20.91 barns/electron
U=PEChalcophanite x rElectron Density= 78.33 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Chalcophanite is Not Radioactive
 

Chalcophanite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: 07.08.02.01 (07)Multiple Oxides
  (07.08)where A B (O)2�x(H2O)
  (07.08.02)Chalcophanite Group
 
07.08.02.01 Chalcophanite (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7•3(H2O) R 3 3
 
07.08.02.02 Aurorite (Mn,Ag,Ca)Mn3O7•3(H2O) P1 1
 
07.08.02.03 Jianshuiite (Mg,Mn)Mn3O7•3(H2O) R 3 or R 3 Trig
 
07.08.02.04 Ernienickelite NiMn3O7•3(H2O) R 3 or R 3 Trig
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 04.FL.20 04 - OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodate
  04.F - Hydroxides (without V or U)
  04.FL -Hydroxides with H2O � (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
 
04.FL.20 Aurorite (Mn,Ag,Ca)Mn3O7•3(H2O) P1 1
 
04.FL.20 Chalcophanite (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7•3(H2O) R 3 3
 
04.FL.20 Ernienickelite NiMn3O7•3(H2O) R 3 or R 3 Trig
 
04.FL.20 Jianshuiite (Mg,Mn)Mn3O7•3(H2O) R 3 or R 3 Trig
 

Other Chalcophanite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic3) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic3)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Chalcophanite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Athena
3 - EUROmin Project
4 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
5 - Franklin Minerals(Dunn)
6 - Franklin Minerals(Palache)
7 - GeoScienceWorld
8 - Google Images
9 - Google Scholar
10 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
11 - MinDAT
12 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
13 - Online Mineral Museum
14 - QUT Mineral Atlas
15 - Ruff.Info
16 - WWW-MINCRYST

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Print or Cut-and-Paste your Chalcophanite Specimen Label here :

Chalcophanite

(Zn,Fe++,Mn++)Mn++++3O7•3(H2O)
Dana No: 07.08.02.01 Strunz No: 04.FL.20
Locality:

 

Notes:

 

 
   
 


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