Mineralogy Database

Bismuthinite Mineral Data

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General Bismuthinite Information

Help on Chemical  Formula: Chemical Formula: Bi2S3
Help on Composition: Composition: Molecular Weight = 514.16 gm
   Bismuth  81.29 %  Bi
   Sulfur   18.71 %  S
           100.00 % 
Help on Empirical Formula: Empirical Formula: Bi2S3
Help on Environment: Environment: Typically in low- to high-temperature hydrothermal vein deposits, in tourmaline-bearing copper deposits in granite, in some gold veins formed at high temperatures, and in recent vol canic exhalation deposits.
Help on IMA Status: IMA Status: Valid Species (Pre-IMA) 1832
Help on Locality: Locality: From the Llallagua, Huanuni, Tazna, and Chorolque districts, Potosi, Bolivia. Link to MinDat.org Location Data.
Help on Name Origin: Name Origin: From the composition.
Help on Name Pronunciation: Name Pronunciation: Bismuthinite Say BISMUTHINITE
Help on Synonym: Synonym: Bismuth Glance
  ICSD 201066
  PDF 17-320

Bismuthinite Image

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Comments: Metallic, prismatic bismuthinite crystal topped with botryoidal marcasite.
Location: Veta Farellón viejo, Tazna, Potosí, Bolivia. Scale: 4.4x1.3x0.4 cm.
© Fabre Minerals

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  Cannonite   Bismuthinite

Comments: Opaque white crystal tufts of cannonite on quartz crystals with dark, metallic bismuthinite.
Location: Marysvale, Piute County, Utah, USA. Scale: See Photo.
© Jeff Weissman / Photographic Guide to Mineral Species

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  Matildite   Bismuth   Bismuthinite

Comments: SEM image of native Bi replaced by bismuthinite and matildite. Black areas represent gangue minerals. (CanMin, v43:899).
Location: Uranium deposit at Niederschlema-Alberoda, Germany. Scale: See Image.
© Canadian Mineralogist

Bismuthinite Crystallography

Help on Axial Ratios: Axial Ratios: a:b:c =0.9875:1:0.3522
Help on Cell Dimensions: Cell Dimensions: a = 11.13, b = 11.27, c = 3.97, Z = 4; V = 497.98 Den(Calc)= 6.86
Help on Crystal System: Crystal System: Orthorhombic - Dipyramidal H-M Symbol (2/m 2/m 2/m) Space Group: Pbnm
Help on X Ray Diffraction: X Ray Diffraction: By Intensity(I/Io): 3.569(1), 3.118(0.8), 3.53(0.6),
Help on Forms: Forms:

Dbl Clk - Start-Stop Rotation
RMB - Cycle Display Modes
Drag1 - Manipulate Crystal
Drag2 - Resize

S - Stereo
I - Indicies
<space> - Start-Stop Rotation
F - Fit to Screen
M - Menu

Help on Above

Forms: ( 2 1 1) ( 3 1 1) ( 0 1 0) ( 0 2 1) ( 1 1 0) ( 3 0 1) ( 1 0 1)

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Physical Properties of Bismuthinite

Help on Cleavage: Cleavage: {010} Perfect
Help on Color: Color: Gray, Silver white, Tin white.
Help on Density: Density: 6.8 - 7.2, Average = 7
Help on Diaphaneity: Diaphaneity: Opaque
Help on Fracture: Fracture: Brittle - Sectile - Brittle fracture with slightly sectile shavings possible.
Help on Habit: Habit: Granular - Generally occurs as anhedral to subhedral crystals in matrix.
Help on Habit: Habit: Massive - Lamellar - Distinctly foliated fine-grained forms.
Help on Habit: Habit: Prismatic - Crystals Shaped like Slender Prisms (e.g. tourmaline).
Help on Hardness: Hardness: 2 - Gypsum
Help on Luminescence: Luminescence: Non-fluorescent.
Help on Luster: Luster: Metallic
Help on Magnetism: Magnetism: Nonmagnetic
Help on Streak: Streak: gray

Optical Properties of Bismuthinite

Help on Reflectivity Reflectivity
Standardized Intensity (100%) Reflection Spectra of Bismuthinite in Air
λ R1 R2  ∑ R1(λ)   ∑ R2(λ) 
 400 nm   40.50   49.60 
 420 nm   40.30   49.80 
 440 nm   40.10   50.00 
 460 nm   39.70   50.20 
 480 nm   39.20   50.40 
 500 nm   38.50   50.40 
 520 nm   38.10   50.30 
 540 nm   37.70   50.00 
 560 nm   37.40   49.60 
 580 nm   37.00   49.00 
 600 nm   36.80   48.50 
 620 nm   36.50   48.00 
 640 nm   36.20   47.40 
 660 nm   36.10   46.70 
 680 nm   35.80   45.80 
 700 nm   35.60   45.00 
Calculated Relative Intensity Colors of Bismuthinite in Air
   0%   30%   60%   90% 100% 120% 150% 180% 210% 240%

Calculated Properties of Bismuthinite

Help on Electron Density: Electron Density: Bulk Density (Electron Density)=5.71 gm/cc
note: Specific Gravity of Bismuthinite =6.86 gm/cc.
Help on Fermion Index: Fermion Index: Fermion Index = 0.0014040467
Boson Index = 0.9985959533
Help on Photoelectric: Photoelectric: PEBismuthinite =1,572.72 barns/electron
U=PEBismuthinite x rElectron Density=8,980.92 barns/cc.
Help on Radioactivity: Radioactivity: GRapi = 0 (Gamma Ray American Petroleum Institute Units)
Bismuthinite is Not Radioactive

Bismuthinite Classification

Help on  Dana Class: Dana Class: (02)Sulfides - Including Selenides and Tellurides
  (02.11)where Am Bn Xp, with (m+n):p=2:3
  (02.11.02)Stibnite Group (Orthorhombic: Pbnm) Stibnite Sb2S3 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m Antimonselite Sb2Se3 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m Bismuthinite Bi2S3 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m Guanajuatite Bi2Se3 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
Help on  Strunz Class: Strunz Class: 02.DB.05a 02 - SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulf
  02.D - Metal Sulfides, M:S = 3:4 and 2:3
  02.DB -M:S = 2:3 and similar
02.DB.05a Antimonselite Sb2Se3 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
02.DB.05a Bismuthinite Bi2S3 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
02.DB.05a Guanajuatite Bi2Se3 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m
02.DB.05a Metastibnite Sb2S3 None
02.DB.05a Stibnite Sb2S3 Pbnm 2/m 2/m 2/m

Other Bismuthinite Information

Help on References: References: NAME( AntBidBlaNic1) PHYS. PROP.(Enc. of Minerals,2nd ed.,1990) OPTIC PROP.(AntBidBlaNic1)
Help on See Also: See Also: Links to other databases for Bismuthinite :
1 - Am. Min. Crystal Structure Database
2 - Amethyst Galleries' Mineral Gallery
3 - Athena
4 - EUROmin Project
5 - Ecole des Mines de Paris
6 - GeoScienceWorld
7 - Google Images
8 - Google Scholar
9 - Handbook of Mineralogy (MinSocAm)
10 - Handbook of Mineralogy (UofA)
11 - MinDAT
12 - Mineralienatlas (Deutsch)
13 - Online Mineral Museum
14 - QUT Mineral Atlas
15 - Ruff.Info
16 - Scandinavian mineral gallery

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Dana No: Strunz No: 02.DB.05a





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